12:00 PM - 12:15 PM
[SSS02-11] Possible Rupture Scenario for the Area Off-Ibaragi Prefecture in the 2011 Off the Pacific Coast of Tohoku Earthquake
In this study, we have carried out dynamic rupture simulations to understand the mechanisms of rupture arrest of the Tohoku earthquake. The simulations assume a slip-dependent friction law (Ida, 1972) and use the 3D Spectral Element Method (Galvez et al., 2013), which is numerically stable and accurate even for subduction earthquake models with low dipping angle. To set the initial stress conditions for the simulation, we use constraints based on a slip-deficit map inferred from the analysis of GPS data (Ikuta et al., 2012) and the estimates of inter-seismic recurrence time along the Japan Trench by the Headquarter of Earthquake Research Promotion in Japan (2011).
In contrast with the real Tohoku Earthquake, the main shock rupture resulting from our simulation propagated to the Off Ibaragi area, indicating that the initial part of the rupture had enough energy to break through the Off Ibaragi area. Factors that we did not include in this simulation, such as attenuation and smaller-scale features of the megathrust geometry due for instance to subducted seamounts, might have played an important role in the rupture arrest in the southern end of the Tohoku earthquake in 2011.