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[SSS32-10] Landslides triggered by the 1596 Keicho Bungo earthquake in Kitsuki, Beppu, and Yufuin, Oita Prefecture, Kyushu, Japan
Keywords:1596 Keicho-Bungo earthquake, strong ground motion, landslide, tsunami, documents of Matsui, letter written by Hosokawa Tadaoki
The aim of this study is to collect data on the earthquake in the documents of the lord family "daimyo-ke" that ruled Bungo in the period right after the occurrence of the earthquake and to estimate earthquake size and source location, and associated natural phenomena. These families are Hosokawa, Matsui, Nakagawa, Kinoshita, Saeki-Mouri, Kurushima, and Inaba. Nakagawa entered Bungo in 1594, Hosokawa, Matsui, and Inaba in 1600, Kinoshita, Saeki-Mouri, and Kurushima in 1601. Matsui was a vassal of Hosokawa and not "daimyo-ke". However, both sho-gun and Hosokawa gave Matsui "daimyo-ke" status and Matsui was the lord of the castle Yatsushiro, Kumamoto.
We have found two records in the documents of Matsui (Yatsushiro Municipal Museum). Here we report on one of the records, a letter sent from Hosokawa Tadaoki to Matsui Yasuyuki on April 22, Keicho 6 (Japanese Calendar) (1601) (Toritsu, personal communication, 2014), about five years later the earthquake. According to Tadaoki, the fief of Hayami-gun, present Kitsuki, Beppu, and Yufuin, yield 60,000 koku. He ordered Yasuyuki to consider damage of about 5,500 koku due to earthquake and reduce land tax in the fief. In the letter no mention was made about earthquake date. We assume the earthquake in the letter is the 1596 Keicho Bungo earthquake.
Using a list of annual rice production of every village in Hayami-gun including Yufuin (1601) (documents of Matsui), we have tried to identify the villages which suffered from destructive landslides. These are Takasu (Kitsuki-City Katano), Yashiro (Hiji-Town Manai Yashiro), Tsujima (Hiji-Town Toyooka), Hamawaki, Tateishi, Tsurumi, Butsusanji, Baba, Yatsukawa, Wakamiya-Hachimansha, and Kozennin, where abbreviation of "old name (present name)" is adopted. The landslides near coasts may enter Beppu Bay, and generate tsunamis.
Acknowledgements: We are supported by Kyoto University Library of Graduate School of Law, Yatsushiro Municipal Museum, Kumamoto University Library, Kumamoto Prefecture Library, Kitsuki City Library, Hiji Town Banri Library, and Oita Prefecture Library.