Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information


Symbol M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS34] Paleoclimatology and paleoceanography

Wed. May 27, 2015 6:15 PM - 7:30 PM Convention Hall (2F)

Convener:*Kazuyoshi Yamada(Museum of Natural and Environmental history, Shizuoka), Minoru Ikehara(Center for Advanced Marine Core Research, Kochi University), Tomohisa Irino(Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University), Akira Oka(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Yusuke Okazaki(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Kyushu University), Ikuko Kitaba(Research Centre for Palaleoclimatology, Ritsumeikan University), Akihisa Kitamura(Institute of Geosciences, Faculty of Science, Shizuoka University), Masaki Sano(Research Institute for Humanity and Nature), Takeshi Nakagawa(Ritsumeikan University), Akira Hayashida(Department of Environmental Systems Science, Doshisha University)

6:15 PM - 7:30 PM

[MIS34-P02] Silicoflagellates and surface water-mass variation at ODP Site 704 in the South Atlantic Ocean for the last 10Myrs

*Jonaotaro ONODERA1, Osamu SEKI2 (1.JAMSTEC-RCGC, 2.Institute of Low Temperature Science, Hokkaido University)

At ODP Site 704 (46.9○S, 7.4○E) in the South Atlantic Ocean, we estimated latitudinal migration of subpolar and subtropical surface water masses for 10 million years on the basis of silicoflagellate fossil assemblage variations in the sediment core samples. Biogeographical silicoflagellate distribution corresponds to cold water and subtropical water masses. This distribution pattern can be applied to the estimation on latitudinal migration of subpolar/subtropical boundary. Although the fossil preservation was poor in the oldest period from 10Ma to 6.5Ma, the extinct genus Bachmannocena considered as a temperate or cosmopolitan species was observed for the period. Continuous occurrence of the cold water genus Distephanus was observed from ~6.5Ma to present. The modern annual sea-surface temperature (SST) is 5.6℃ at the studied site, and silicoflagellate assemblage is composed of the genus Distephanus. The relative abundance of sea ice-related species in the silicoflagellate assemblages increased from 2.7Ma. However, subtropical genus Dictyocha intermittently dominated the assemblage from 5.7Ma to 4.0Ma. The co-occurrence of cold and subtropical water species suggest that the subpolar/subtropical boundary or the mixed water had covered the studied site. The temporal increase of subtropical silicoflagellates at the same periods had been reported at ODP Site 1165 (64.4○S) located in further south near the Antarctic. However, it should be noted that alkenone SST did not show the clear increase at the study site for the occurrence period of Dictyocha.