Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information


Symbol M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS28] High-resolution paleoclimate observatory network in East Asia-NW Pacific region

Thu. May 28, 2015 11:00 AM - 12:45 PM 202 (2F)

Convener:*Ryuji Tada(Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Graduate School of Science, The Univeristy of Tokyo), Takeshi Nakagawa(Ritsumeikan University), Ken Ikehara(Institute of Geology and Geoinformation, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology), Masanobu Yamamoto(Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University), Chair:Kana Nagashima(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, Research and Development Center for Global Change)

12:15 PM - 12:30 PM

[MIS28-22] Planktic foraminiferal distribution in the subarctic North Pacific and impact of seawater [CO32-] on shell calcification

*Shinya IWASAKI1, Katsunori KIMOTO2, Osamu SASAKI3, Harumasa KANO3 (1.Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo, 2.Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, 3.The Tohoku University Museum)

Keywords:Planktic foraminifera, the subarctic North Pacific, shell density, Ocean acidification

Planktic foraminifera are oceanic unicellular protozoa with calcareous shell. All extant species of planktic foraminifera are spending free-floating life from surface to intermediate water down to 1000 m. There are a variety of species relate to oceanic environment or water depth where they live (e.g. Hemleben et al., 1989). Therefore, planktic foraminiferal shell in marine sediments has been recognized as useful tool to reconstruct peloenvironments.
The subarctic North Pacific Ocean locates on the termination of ocean general circulation, and high nutrient deep water from south upwelled to mid-depth. As a result of mixing in surface to mid-depth, the subarctic North Pacific has high nutrients concentration and known as a high biological productivity area (e.g. Takahashi et al., 2002). In the paleoceanographic study, therefore, this region has been considered as important area for biological pump and the global carbon cycle. In addition to contribution to paleoceanographic study, the subarctic North Pacific has been recognized as the area where seawater carbonate ion concentration ([CO32-]) might be significantly reduced by current ocean acidification over the twenty-first century (Orr et al., 2012). Reduction of seawater [CO32-] must have impact on calcifying organism such as planktic foraminifera, results in reduction of shell density. Therefore, identification of current planktic foraminiferal distribution and shell density in the subarctic North Pacific is crucial for estimation of impact on planktic foraminiferal ecology by ocean acidification in near future. However, foraminiferal distributions in the subarctic North Pacific Ocean are not well understood. Here we present horizontal and vertical distributions of planktic foraminifera collected by plankton net deployed at nine sites (target depths: 0-50, 50-100, 100-150, 150-200, 200-300, 300-500 m) in the whole subarctic North Pacific Ocean, in order to understand the relationship between foraminiferal assemblage and insitu seawater conditions. Furthermore, we observed internal structure of foraminiferal shell and measured shell density by Micro Focus X-ray CT scanner (MXCT), and compared these results with seawater [CO32-].