11:00 AM - 11:15 AM
[AGE04-04] Effects of temperature environment in dissolution and chemical forms of heavy metals of sediment in Arakawa lowland
Keywords:subsurface temperature, dissolution characteristics, chemical forms, alluvial sediment
Laboratory experiments to evaluate the relation between temperature and dissolution characteristics were conducted under three different temperature conditions (15oC, 25oC and 40oC). Five chemical forms of heavy metals in residues from the dissolution experiment were also fractioned (Water soluble, Exchangeable, Bound to carbonates, Bound to iron and manganese oxides and Bound to organic matter) by the sequential extraction method. These experiments were conducted on sediment samples obtained from boring cores at around 17m, 31m, 39m and 44m depth (denoted as 17m-sample, 31m-sample, 39m-sample and 44m-sample, respectively).
Results showed that temperature conditions affected dissolution characteristics and chemical forms of heavy metals. Especially, boron in 17m-sample (marine sediment) and arsenic in 31m-sample (non-marine sediment) dissolved more at higher temperature and linear relations between temperature and dissolved concentration of these components were observed. Additionally, temperature condition also affected their chemical forms. Under 40oC and 25oC conditions, Bound to iron and manganese oxides and Exchangeable forms of boron in 17m-sample both decreased and Water-soluble boron increased compared to the 15oC condition. Also under 40oC and 25oC conditions, Bound to iron and manganese oxides form of arsenic in 31m-sample decreased and Water-soluble and Exchangeable arsenic both increased compared to the 15oC. These results imply that hardly-soluble forms of boron and arsenic might change to readily-soluble forms at higher temperature.