Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information


Symbol S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-VC Volcanology

[S-VC47] Volcanic and igneous activities, and these long-term forecasting

Tue. May 26, 2015 11:00 AM - 12:45 PM 303 (3F)

Convener:*Teruki Oikawa(Institute of Earthquake and Volcano Geology, Geological Survey of Japan, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology), Takeshi Hasegawa(Department of Earth Sciences, College of Science, Ibaraki University), Daisuke MIURA(Geosphere Sciences, Civil Engineering Research Laboratory, Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry), Yoshihiro Ishizuka(Geological Survey of Japan, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology), Nobuo Geshi(Geological Survey of Japan, The National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology), Chair:Kenta Ueki(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, Department of Solid Earth Geochemistry), Yoshimi Hiroi(Center for Northeast Asian Studies, Tohoku University)

12:21 PM - 12:24 PM

[SVC47-P11] Petrological characteristics of rocks from Chokai A.D.1800-1804 activities, NE Japan

3-min talk in an oral session

*Chika KAMIYA1, Masao BAN2, Shintaro HAYASHI3, Tsukasa OHBA4, Takanori SATO5 (1.Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Yamagata University, 2.Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Science, Yamagata University, 3.Department of Earth Sciences, Faculty of Education and Human Studies, Akita University, 4.Department of Earth Science and Technology, Faculty of Engineering and Resource Science, Akita Unive, 5.AIST)

Keywords:Chokai volcano, eruption history

Chokai volcano is a Quaternary stratovolcano located at rear arc of the Northeast Japan. The activity is divided into three stages (ca. 0.6 Ma ; StageⅠ, ca. 0.16Ma to 20ka; StageⅡ, 20ka to present; StageⅢ). In historical age, magmatic and phreatic eruptions occurred at least three and four times, respectively. One of the historical magmatic eruption occurred two years after the big earthquake of AD 869. Thus, this volcano has a potential to erupt after the 2011 off the Pacific coast of Tohoku Earthquake, but no precursory phenomena have been detected yet. To reveal the magma feeding system, we examined geologic and petrologic features of youngest (AD1800-1804) magmatic eruption products.
The AD1800-1804 eruption products are composed of Shinzan lava (SL), Shinzan pyroclastic fall deposits (SPFD) and Shinzan dome lava (SLD) in ascending order. SL is consisted of mainly two lava flows, one flowed to the southward and the other to northward from SLD. Maximum thicknesses of southern and northern lobe are 50m and 25m, respectively. Total volume is ca. 7.3×10-3km3. These are massive lavas and the surfaces are composed of the blocky lava. Mafic inclusions can be observed in these lavas. SPFD drapes the SL within ca. 50m from SLD. The thickness varies and reaches ca. 30cm near the base of SLD. The estimated volume is 9.0×10-7km3. The deposit is lapilli tuff to volcanic breccia, composed of mainly angular lithic fragments in coarse ash matrix. Most of the fragments have shiny surfaces. Subangular to subrounded pumice is rarely observed, whose diameter reaches ca. 5cm. Volcanic bombs are observed in the area of ca. 500 m radius from SLD. These usually cover the SPFD, thus we include them into the SPFD. These are mainly breadcrust bomb and subsequently breccia bomb, which looks like a fragment of the explosion breccia. Mafic inclusions are generally seen in breadcrust bombs, but rarely breadcrust bombs are made of only mafic inclusion. Breccia bombs are consisted of angular rubbles of several centimeters to one meter in weak welded matrix. SLD forms a peak dome of Chokai volcano. Relative elevation of SLD is 50m, volume is 9.0×10-4km3. Columnar and platy joints can be observed inner of dome. Mafic inclusions are seen.
AD1800-1804 eruption products belong to medium-K to high-K, calk-alkaline series. Phenocryst assemblage is plagioclase, orthopyroxene, clinopyroxene, opaque ± olivine and hornblende. Plagioclases with resolved texture such as dusty zone and honey comb texture dominate than the clear type. Orthopyroxene and olivine sometimes have a reaction rim, but hornblende doesn't have it. Volumes of total phenocrysts in the hosts are high in SL (48-50vol.%) than the others (26-36vol.%). Those of mafic inclusions are 20-30 vol.%. Groundmass texture of host lava is hyaloophitic, while that of inclusion is dikty-taxitic. Size of microlites in the inclusions varies by samples. SiO2 contents of host lavas are ca. 60-62wt.% (SL, 60.7-60.8 wt.%; SPFD pumice 60.7-61.2 wt.%; SPFD lithic fragments, 60.8-61.1 wt.%; SPFD volcanic bomb, 60.5-61.5 wt.%; SPFD breccia bomb, 60.7-61.0 wt.%; SLD, 61.2-62.2 wt.%) and those of mafic inclusions are ca. 52-57wt.% (SL 53.3 wt.%; SPFD lithic fragments, 54.2 wt.%; SPFD volcanic bomb, 56.5 wt.%; SPFD breccia bomb, 52.6-54.8 wt.%; SLD 54.0-55.8wt.%). All eruption products are depicted on the same linear trends in silica variation diagrams.