Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information

International Session (Oral)

Symbol S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-IT Science of the Earth's Interior & Techtonophysics

[S-IT04] Rheology of Earth's Interior

Thu. May 28, 2015 4:15 PM - 6:00 PM 106 (1F)

Convener:*Tomohiro Ohuchi(Geodynamics Research Center, Ehime University), Shun-ichiro Karato(Yale University, Department of Geology and Geophysics), Katsuyoshi Michibayashi(Institute of Geosciences, Shizuoka University), Chair:Katsuyoshi Michibayashi(Institute of Geosciences, Shizuoka University)

5:15 PM - 5:30 PM

[SIT04-17] Preliminary deformation experiments for in-situ stress-strain measurements of bridgmanite

*Noriyoshi TSUJINO1, Daisuke YAMAZAKI1, Takashi YOSHINO1, Moe SAKURAI2, Fang XU1, Yuji HIGO3 (1.ISEI, Okayama Univ., 2.Tokyo Institute of Tech., 3.JASRI)

Keywords:Bridgmanite, In-situ measurements, deformation experiments, The Earth's lower mantle

In order to discuss mantle dynamics in the Earth's interior, knowledge of viscosity of the Earth's lower mantle, which is the highest of the whole mantle, is important. Viscosity models of the Earth's lower mantle were reported by geophysical observations. However, observation values of viscosity have large variety (2~3 order magnitude). Although determination of viscosity of lower mantle minerals by high pressure experiments is needed to understand mantle dynamics, stress-strain relationship for bridgmanite, which are principal minerals of the Earth's lower mantle, are not reported due to difficulty of high pressure deformation experiments. In this study, we tried in-situ stress-strain measurements of Mg-Pv at 27 GPa.
In-situ uniaxial deformation experiments were conducted using MADONNA, which is D-DIA apparatus, as Kawai-type apparatus at SPring-8 BL04B1. Experimental conditions are 27.3 GPa, 1473 K estimated by equation of state on bridgmanite (Katsura et al., 2009). WC anvils with slit or corn (5o) to take tomography and 2D X-ray diffraction, was used along X-ray path. Two-dimensional X?ray diffraction patterns were taken for 300 s using CCD detector. To calculate the stress magnitude from the X?ray diffraction data, we used a model of stress-lattice strain relationship (Singh et al. 1998),
dhkl(ψ)= d0hkl [1+(1-3cos2ψ) σ/6 Ghkl] (1)
where dhkl is the d-spacing measured as a function of azimuth angle ψ, d0hkl is the d-spacing under the hydrostatic pressure, Ghkl is the appropriate shear modulus for a given hkl, and σ is the uniaxial stress. Pressure and stress were estimated using bridgmanite (111) diffraction peak at deformation experiments. X?ray radiographies of the strain markers was taken using an imaging system composed of a YAG crystal and a CCD camera with an exposure time of 10 s.
Uniaxial tension stress and strain of Mg-Pv at 27.3 GPa, 1473 K were estimated as ~1.3 GPa and ~4 % during doformation by differential ram. We confirmed deformation experiments at the lower mantle pressure conditions can be conducted by WC anvils. We will perform additional deformation experiments with large strain.