11:40 AM - 12:00 PM
★ [U06-09] Potential of luminescence dating
Keywords:luminescence, dating, radiation, quartz, human period, artificial event
The phenomenon of quartz luminescence is the result of the radiation acting on its lattice defects formed by radiation or impurity elements. Meta-stable hole and electron pairs in crystal defects are stimulated by heat or light energy and recombined resulting light emission or luminescence. The crystal defects are created by secondary cosmic rays and radiations from natural radioactive nuclides, thus the number of them and the intensity of luminescence have increased for a function of time from the quartz crystallization. It is the same in the luminescence from the crystal defects caused by impurity elements.
When quartz is heated by volcanic eruption or artificial heating or exposed to light, the holes and electrons in its lattice defects recombine and result in light emission, and the number of them reduces to the initial state (zeroing). The luminescence age give the time elapsed from the zeroing. The luminescence dating technique covers the latter half of quaternary period or human period, and determines the natural events such as volcanic eruption, tsunami and dune formation which influence the human life, and artificial one such as open-air fire and pottery making.
The luminescence ages of several palaeolothic sites and the comparison of them with ages obtained by the other dating techniques will be shown at the session.