5:30 PM - 6:00 PM
★ [SIT06-19] Core Formation Process and Composition of the Core
Keywords:formation process, planetesimal, magma ocean, light element, outer core, inner core
The internal pressure and temperature increased with the growth of the earth, and metallic iron depleted in sulfur was molten. The molten metallic iron can dissolve both Si and O as was experimentally shown by several authors (2). The core forming metallic liquid sunk into the bottom of the magma ocean and was in equilibrium with the magma ocean at high pressure around 40-60 GPa (3). The core separation occurred by the Rayleigh-Taylor instability. The core contains S, Si, and O by this process. If small amount of water was trapped in the magma ocean, most of H can be absorbed by the metallic core by strong partitioning of H into the metallic iron (4), and the magma ocean would have become dry.
The partitioning experiments between solid and liquid iron alloys indicate that S is strongly partitioned into the liquid outer core, whereas O is weakly into the liquid outer core, and Si into the solid inner core. H contents in the outer and inner cores are nearly the same due to similar H contents in solid and liquid iron (4). Based on the partitioning behavior between the outer and inner cores, the equation of state, and sound velocity of iron-light element alloys, the plausible distributions of the light elements in the outer and inner cores are examined.
References: (1) Terasaki, H. et al., Phys. Earth Planet. Inter., 202-1-6, 2012. (2) Kawazoe, T. and Ohtani, E., Phys. Chem. Minerals, 33, 227-234, 2006. (3) Siebert, J. et. al., Science, 339, 1194-1197, 2013. (4) Okuchi, T., Science, 278, 1781-1784, 1998.