Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information


Symbol B (Biogeosciences) » B-PT Paleontology

[B-PT23] Decoding the history of Earth: From Hadean to Modern

Mon. May 25, 2015 11:00 AM - 12:45 PM 104 (1F)

Convener:*Tsuyoshi Komiya(Department of Earth Science & Astronomy Graduate School of Arts and Sciences The University of Tokyo), Yasuhiro Kato(Department of Systems Innovation, Graduate School of Engineering, University of Tokyo), Katsuhiko Suzuki(Institute for Research on Earth Evolution, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Chair:Keiko Koshida(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Tokyo Institute of Technology)

11:15 AM - 11:30 AM

[BPT23-09] Paleomagnetic field tests on Paleoarchean rocks from the Pilbara craton, Western Australia

*Yoichi USUI1, Takazo SHIBUYA1, Kenichiro TANI2, Masafumi SAITOH1, Manabu NISHIZAWA1, Teruhiko KASHIWABARA1 (1.Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, 2.Department of Geology and Paleontology, National Museum of Nature and Science)

Keywords:Archean, paleomagnetism, Pilbara

The earliest geomagnetic field is important to constrain the early Sun-Earth space environment as well as the thermal evolution of the Earth’s interior. The Pilbara craton in Western Australia contains one of the least metamorphosed Archean and Proterozoic rocks, and they may preserve paleomagnetic records. However, it has been debated whether the magnetic signal in those rocks are primary or secondary (Schmidt, 2014 Gondwana Research). Here we report the results of paleomagnetic field tests on Paleoarchean rocks from the Pilbara craton, in particular of conglomerate test on chert clasts. The deposition age of the conglomerate is estimated to be ca. 3.47 Ga on the basis of the stratigraphy. The main clast type is moderately rounded gray chert. Stepwise alternating field and thermal demagnetization were performed on chert clasts. The direction of low coercivity, low unblocking temperature component was close to the present geomagnetic field direction. Preliminary results (N=7) did not reject the hypothesis that the high coercivity component is from uniform distribution, i.e., the conglomerate test was positive. However, 3 clasts exhibit remanence direction relatively close to that of the matrix. This argues that the data number is not yet enough to conclude the age of the magnetization.