Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information


Symbol A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-HW Hydrology & Water Environment

[A-HW24] Isotope Hydrology 2015

Mon. May 25, 2015 11:00 AM - 12:45 PM 301A (3F)

Convener:*Masaya Yasuhara(Geological Survey of Japan, AIST), Kohei Kazahaya(Geological Survey of Japan, AIST), Shinji Ohsawa(Institute for Geothermal Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University), Masaaki Takahashi(The National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology), YUICHI SUZUKI(Faculty of Geo-Environmental Sience,Rissho University), Futaba Kazama(Social Cystem Engineering, Division of Engineering, Interdiciplinary Graduate School of Medical and Engineering, University of Yamanashi), Kazuyoshi Asai(Geo Science Laboratory), Chair:Kazuyoshi Asai(Geo Science Laboratory), Takashi Nakamura(International Research Center for River Basin Environment, University of YAMANASHI)

12:30 PM - 12:33 PM

[AHW24-P05] Helium isotopes in groundwaters from the middle and lower reaches of the Tone River, Japan.

3-min talk in an oral session

*Noritoshi MORIKAWA1, Masaya YASUHARA1, Atsuko NAKAMA1, Akihiko INAMURA1, Masaaki TAKAHASHI1 (1.Geological Survey of Japan, AIST)

Keywords:Helium, Groundwater, Tone River, Kanto Plain, Chloride Ion, Noble Gas

There exist three regions in the Kanto plain, central Japan, whose groundwater is characterized by a high Cl- concentration: (1) floodplains and deluvial uplands along the lower reaches of the Tone rivers (Ibaraki and Chiba Prefectures), (2) south-east parts of the Gunma Prefecture along the middle reaches of the Tone rivers, (3) central parts of the Kanto plain, south east of the Area (2).
The high-chloride groundwaters from the central parts of the Kanto plain are characterized by the following features; (a) helium isotopic ratios (3He/4He) are relatively homogeneous with an end member of 0.8-1.1 x 10-6, (b) helium-4 concentration show positive correlation with chloride concentration (Morikawa et al., 2006). Morikawa et al (2014a) investigated the noble gases in the deeper groundwaters (hot springs) in the central parts of the Kanto plain and the high-chloride groundwaters from south-east parts of the Gunma Prefecture to elucidate the origin of water and chrolide component. Low 3He/4He ratios in the hot springs indicate that there is almost no interconnectivity between the high chloride groundwater and hot spring water around these regions. In contrast, both 3He/4He ratio and correlative 4He and Cl- concentration in the high-chrolide groundwaters from south-east parts of the Gunma Prefecture are similar to those in the groundwaters in the central part of the Kanto Plain. They suggest that these groundwaters and their constituents are closely related to each other in their origin. Although there is no hydrogeological connectivity, groundwaters from some part of the lower reaches of the Tone river also show similar helium isotopic ratios (3He/4He) and positive 4He-Cl correlation (Morikawa et al., 2014b).
In this study, we further conducted complementary investigation for the groundwaters between the region of middle reach and lower one of the Tone River. Low Cl- with low 4He groundwaters exist in this region. Combined with previous and present results, the groundwaters along the Tone River implies a mixture of young meteoric water and high chloride saline water bearing with high 4He which seems to be stagnant nature.

References: Morikawa et al. (2006) JPGU 2006, H121-004, Morikawa et al. (2014a) JPGU 2014, AHW25-12, Morikawa et al. (2014b) JAHS 2014, P18.