Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information


Symbol A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-HW Hydrology & Water Environment

[A-HW26] Hydrological Cycle and Water Environment

Wed. May 27, 2015 6:15 PM - 7:30 PM Convention Hall (2F)

Convener:*Youhei Uchida(Geological Survey of Japan, AIST), Atsushi Higuchi(Center for Environmental Remote Sensing (CEReS), Chiba University, Japan), Seiya Nagao(Institute of Nature and Environmental Technology, Kanazawa University), Takeshi Hayashi(Faculty of Education and Human Studies, Akita University)

6:15 PM - 7:30 PM

[AHW26-P04] The origin and formation mechanism of the water quality of deep hot springs from the northern foothills of Mt. Fuji

*Muga YAGUCHI1, Yoichi MURAMATSU2, Hitoshi CHIBA3, Fumiaki OKUMURA4 (1.Gra. Shc., The Univ. Tokyo, 2.Fac. Sci. and Tech., Tokyo Univ. Sci., 3.Fac. Sci., Okayama Univ., 4.Japex R.C.)

Keywords:northern foothills of Mt. Fuji, deep hot spring, water quality, water-rock interaction, stable isotope ratio

Since the mid-1990s, drilling wells for hot spring bathing purpose was performed on a deep aquifer at depths reaching 1,500m below the surface in the northern foothills of Mt. Fuji. Meanwhile, the origins of the water and the formation mechanisms of the water qualities have not always been investigated thoroughly. Clarification of the forming environment of the hot spring waters is indispensable for the protection and sustainable development of hot spring sources.
In this study, water samples were collected from wells for hot spring bathing purposes and from natural springs in the northern foothills of Mt. Fuji and the adjacent Misaka and Tanzawa Mountains area, and were subjected to chemical and isotopic analysis of hydrogen, oxygen, and sulfur (δD, δ18O, δ34S). Based on the analytical results, the origin of the water and water-rock interactions, which affect the water quality of the deep hot springs, were discussed.
The water in samples were thought to be originated through mixing of meteoric water with very small amounts of altered seawater, which had been trapped in the pore space in the basement rock, so-called green tuff formation. After subtraction of the seawater-derived components, concentrations of major components of the water samples were thought to be controlled by the dissolution of gypsum and/or anhydrite, calcite precipitation, and the formation of Na-smectite by weathering of albitized plagioclase. Around the distribution areas of volcanic products of Mt. Fuji, the weathering process of olivine may also influence the concentrations of Mg2+ ions. The δ34S values of SO42- ions of hot spring waters were higher on the Misaka and Tanzawa Mountains side, whereas they were lower on the foot of Mt. Fuji side (down to +8.2‰), indicating the presence of different SO42- ion sources; the former SO42- ions with high SO42- values are derived from marine anhydrite and/or gypsum, whereas the latter SO42- ions with low δ34S values are involved in volcanic anhydrite and/or gypsum.