5:15 PM - 5:30 PM
[AAS22-11] Numerical Simulation on Development Process of a Cb in the Early Developing Stage observed by Ka-band and X-band radars
Keywords:Cumulonimbus(Cb), Numerical Simulation, Ka-band radar
To clarify the development mechanism of the cumulonimbi, we performed numerical simulations using a CReSS, which is a 3D non- hydrostatic model developed by the Hydrospheric Atmospheric Research Center (HyARC) of Nagoya University, Japan (Tsuboki and Sakakibara, 2002). We used sounding data at Tateno at 09 JST (JST = UTC + 9 hr) on 18 August 2011 for the initial and lateral boundary conditions. we ran an experiment that positive perturbation (about 2 K) was added intermittently with an interval of 15 minutes as a buoyancy forcing at a height of 500 m around initiation region of the convection observed by the KaDR. The numerical simulation successfully reproduced the stepwise development of the cumulonimbus. In the beginning of the DS, convection was shallow for about an hour and the convection developed gradually. The development of the convection was suppressed around stable layers. The latter convection developed deeper than the former one, which was also consistent with observational result. From the investigation on temporal variation of RH profiles in the numerical simulation, preceding convection could not break through the low-level stable layers, however it moistened the lower troposphere. It is considered that the following convection could break through the stable layers because it could possess positive buoyancy enough to break through the stable layers due to low entrainment rate in the moistened lower troposphere.