9:15 AM - 9:30 AM
[SVC47-02] Mixing, end-member components and origin of felsic and mafic magmas erupted by Aira caldera-forming eruption
Keywords:Aira caldera, caldera-forming eruption, magma mixing, end-member components, zircon, plagioclase
The An content of the plagioclase cores ranges from An33 to An88. These phenocrysts can be divided into two types such as high-An (type-A: An > 70), low-An (type-B: An < 60) based on An contents of their cores and rims. Sr isotope ratios of the type-A and B phenocrysts coincide with those of the dark pumice and the white pumice, respectively. These values are distinct from Shirahama basalt which is assumed to be derived from upper mantle and basement rocks such as the Shimanto sedimentary rocks and the Takakumayama granite. Therefore, the mafic and felsic magmas which crystallized type-A and type-B plagioclase are not simply derived from upper mantle and basement rocks, respectively.
U-Pb dating of the zircon crystals in the white pumice shows concordant ages ranging from 249 to 2517 Ma. The age range is identical to those of the zircons from the basement rocks (Shimanto sedimentary rocks). However, no older zircons in white pumice show overgrowth structure. It is thus likely that older zircon is not source material but one of end-member components.
End-member components for magmas were estimated using element partitioning data (Bindeman et al., 1998; Bindeman and Davis, 2000). The mafic magma (SiO2 = 59 wt.%, Sr = 391, 87Sr/86Sr = 0.7066) which crystallized the type-A plagioclase can be derived from mixing between the basement rocks (Shimanto sedimentary rocks) and the basaltic magma (Shirahama basalt) derived upper-mantle. The felsic magma (SiO2 = 75 wt.%, Sr = 103, 87Sr/86Sr = 0.7060) which crystallized the type-B plagioclase was derived from the middle-lower crustal rocks based on the Sr isotope ratio. The composition of the dark pumice in the Ito ignimbrite can be explained by mixing between the mafic and the felsic magmas. Therefore, it is possible to propose that a cryptic magma should contribute to felsic magma production in association with Aira eruption.