Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information

International Session (Oral)

Symbol M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-TT Technology & Techniques

[M-TT05] New phase of GPS/GNSS application as an integrated earth observation system

Wed. May 27, 2015 11:00 AM - 12:45 PM 203 (2F)

Convener:*Yoshinori Shoji(The Second Laboratory of Meteorological Satellite and Observation System Research Department, Meteorological Research Institute), Toshitaka Tsuda(Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere), Teruyuki Kato(Earthquake Prediction Research Center, Earthquake Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Hiromu Seko(Meteorological Research Institute), Kazutoshi Sato(Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency), Chair:Kazutoshi Sato(Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency)

12:15 PM - 12:30 PM

[MTT05-09] Development of GNSS tomography for ionospheric electron density and tropospheric water vapor distribution

*Katsumi HATTORI1, Shinji HIROOKA2, Akimitsu HIROKI1 (1.Graduate School of Science, Chiba University, 2.National Central University, Taiwan)

The GNSS signal contains the information on electron density distribution of water vapor along the line of sight. Therefore, it is possible to develop the electron density tomography and the water vapor tomography to visualize the 3D structures in time and space. For this aim, we use the algorithm of residual minimization learning neural network (RMTNN) without any models (Ma et al., 2006; Hirooka et al., 2011). Tomographic algorithms have a tendency to fall into ill-posed problems. Therefore, in general a regularization is required. In this study, we use the data observed by Ionosonde and AMeDAS to restrict data for electron density and water vapor reconstruction, respectively. We performed the numerical simulation to investigate the ability of the developed RMTNN algorithm and carried out the practical application for actual data. .
The results provide following capacities of the RMTNN algorithm; (1) for the electron density visualization, transient disturbances can be reconstructed successfully without any model assumptions, (2) the reliability of the lower edge of the ionosphere is a little bit weak, and (3) for the water vapor, if adequately restricted data are given, the water vapor disturbance can be reconstructed successfully. These facts show that the developed RMTNN tomography algorithm on GNSS/GPS data for electron density and tropospheric water vapor has the capacity to reconstruct disturbance without any model dependence.