4:15 PM - 4:30 PM
[SCG57-06] Lithospheric Structure of the Hidaka Collision Zone, Hokkaido, from Reanalysis of 1998-2000 Hokkaido Transect Data VI
Keywords:Hidaka Collision Zone, Kuril Arc, NE Japan Arc, Delamination
Re-analyses for a series data sets of seismic reflection/refraction experiments in HCZ, which started in 2012, are aimed to construct a more detailed collision model through new processing and interpretation techniques. A multi-disciplinary project of the 1998-2000 Hokkaido Transect, crossing the northern part of the HCZ in EW direction, collected high-quality seismic data on a 227-km seismic refraction/wide-angle reflection profile and three seismic reflection lines. Our reprocessing/re-analyses revealed interesting collision structure ongoing in the northern part of the HCZ. The westward obduction of the Kuril arc crust was clearly imaged along the HMT. This obduction occurs at a depth of 27-30 km, much deeper than in the southern HCZ (23-25 km). The CRS/MDRS processing to the reflection data firstly succeeded in imaging clear reflection events associated with the lower crust/Moho within the NE Japan arc descending down to the east. Gently eastward dipping structures above these events (in a depth range of 5-10 km) are interpreted to be fragments of Cretaceous subduction/arc complexes or deformation interfaces branched from the HMT.
The refraction/wide-angle reflection analysis including amplitude calculations revealed a series of eastward dipping interfaces at depths of 15-30 km east of the HMT, some of which show a very large Vp contrast exceeding 0.5-1.0 km/s. The subducted NE Japan arc meets the Kuril arc 20-40 km east of the HMT at a depth of 20-30 km. The above mentioned high Vp contrasts may result from the mixture of the upper crustal (low Vp) materials of the NE Japan arc and lower crustal (high Vp) materials of the Kuril arc.
Seismic reflection image in the southern HCZ reprocessed by almost the same techniques confirms a clear crustal delamination, where the upper 23-km crust is thrust up along the HMT while the lower part of the crust descends down to the subducted PAC plate. At the moment, the results in the northern HCZ do not provide positive evidence on shallow crustal delamination as found in the case of the southern HCZ, probably presenting important information on "3D structure" of the HCZ.