Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information


Symbol A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-CG Complex & General

[A-CG33] Land-Ocean Interaction -Water and material cycle for coastal ecosystems-

Tue. May 26, 2015 11:00 AM - 12:45 PM 202 (2F)

Convener:*Ryo Sugimoto(Faculty of Marine Biosciences, Fukui Prefectural University), Makoto Yamada(Research Institute for Humanity and Nature), Masahiko Ono(National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology), Jun Shoji(Hiroshima University), Chair:Makoto Yamada(Research Institute for Humanity and Nature), Masahiko Ono(National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology)

11:30 AM - 11:45 AM

[ACG33-09] The evaluation of the effectiveness of the d13C signature in bivalve shells as proxy for environment of SGD

*Osamu TOMINAGA1, Nanami HORIBE1, Saori NISHI1, Ryo SUGIMOTO1, Makoto YAMADA2, Jun SHOJI3, Hisami HONDA2, Shiho KOBAYASHI4, Makoto TANIGUCHI2 (1.Fukui Prefectural University, 2.Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, 3.Hiroshima University, 4.Kyoto University)

Keywords:Dissolved inorganic carbon, metabolic carbon, bivalve shell, carbon stable isotope ratio, submarine groundwater discharge

Submarine groundwater discharge (SGD) is often characterized by high concentration of nutrients and documented as an important pathway between land and sea contributing to the biological productivity in coastal waters. However, to our knowledge, no scientific information about the relationship between environmental conditions of SGD and the extent of biological productivity of the primary consumers is available. The carbon stable isotope composition of dissolved inorganic carbon (δ13C{DIC}) is generally different between SGD (low δ13CDIC) and sea water (high δ13CDIC). Bivalves record chemical and biological environment-signal in their shell. In this study, to examine whether the δ13C of bivalve shell (δ13CSHELL) reflect the δ13CDIC of the ambient water or not, we conducted the rearing experiments of Manila clam Ruditapes philippinarum under laboratory and field conditions. Manila clam was reared at three different salinity in the laboratory; 100% sea water (100 % SW), 80% sea water + 20% underground water (80 % SW) and 60 % sea water + 40% underground water (60 % SW). Water temperature of three salinity groups was maintained at 25 ℃ and the same amount of diet (Chaetoceros gracillis) was fed every day during experiments (3 months). There was a high positive correlation between δ13CDIC and salinity (r2 = 0.997, n = 32, p<0.001). Although the significant difference among 100 % SW, 80 % SW and 60% SW was not found (ANOVA, p>0.05), the δ13CSHELL of 80 % SW and 60 % SW was tend to be lower than that of 100 % SW. The field experiment was carried out at 6 sites under different SGD condition in Obama Bay, Japan from July to August 2013. Manila clam was reared in the small containers with bottom sand, which were kept at the depth of 2 m under natural condition. There was a high negative linear relation between δ13CSHELL and Radon 222 (222Rn) concentration at surface layer of each rearing site ,which is a useful tracer of SGD (r2 = 0.920, n = 6, p<0.01). Thus, it seems that the δ13CSHELL shows some possibility of being proxy for environmental reconstitutions of submarine groundwater discharge. However, the value of the δ13CSHELL was lower by about 5 ‰ than that of the δ13CDIC of ambient water in the laboratory experiment. It was the possible reason that isotopically light metabolic carbon, derived from food, is incorporated into shell carbonated.