Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information

International Session (Oral)

Symbol P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-EM Solar-Terrestrial Sciences, Space Electromagnetism & Space Environment

[P-EM10] Study of coupling processes in solar-terrestrial system

Thu. May 28, 2015 2:15 PM - 4:00 PM A01 (APA HOTEL&RESORT TOKYO BAY MAKUHARI)

Convener:*Mamoru Yamamoto(Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere, Kyoto University), Satonori Nozawa(Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory), Yasunobu Ogawa(National Institute of Polar Research), Hiroyuki Hashiguchi(Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere, Kyoto University), Akimasa Yoshikawa(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Kyushu University), Chair:Yasunobu Ogawa(National Institute of Polar Research)

2:30 PM - 2:45 PM

[PEM10-19] Temporal change of the precise EIA asymmetry in Thailand-Indonesia sector observed by a beacon receiver network

*Kornyanat WATTHANASANGMECHAI1, Mamoru YAMAMOTO1, Akinori SAITO2, Tatsuhiro YOKOYAMA3 (1.Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere, Kyoto University, 2.Department of Geophysics, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, 3.National Institute of Information and Communications Technology)

Keywords:EIA, asymmetry, geomagnetic disturbances, penetrating electric field, rapid evolution

To reveal a temporal change of the equatorial ionization anomaly (EIA) asymmetry, a multipoint satellite-ground beacon experiment was conducted along the meridional plane of the Thailand-Indonesia sector. The observation includes one station near the magnetic equator and four stations at the off-equator latitudes. GRBR-TECs from 97 polar-orbit satellite passes in March 2012 were analyzed in this study. Successive passes captured the rapid evolution of the EIA asymmetry especially during the geomagnetic disturbances. The penetrating electric field during geomagnetic disturbed days is not the cause of an asymmetry. Such rapid evolution of the EIA asymmetry was not seen during the nighttime when meridional wind mainly controlled the asymmetric structures. The EIA asymmetry had a quasi 3-day variation at 21 LT, which probably suggests the forcing from the lower atmosphere. Precise capturing of the crests’ locations and the asymmetry evolution enhances an understanding of the temporal change of the EIA asymmetry in local scale. It leads to a future local modeling of the TEC prediction in Southeast Asia.