6:15 PM - 7:30 PM
[PPS22-P08] Experimental reproduction of textures of radial pyroxene chondrules by a gas-jet levitation
In this study, we performed experiments to reproduce the textures of radial pyroxene chondrules using the gas jet levitation furnace used in Nagashima et al. (2006). Samples are 1-2mm spheres and chemical compositions of the samples are similar as of the natural radial pyroxene chondrules excluding iron. The sample was completely melted at about 1600-1800 ℃with a 100W CO2 laser and cooling rate after heating was about 104-106K / hr. We used an argon gas in order to levitate samples. After the experiment, the samples were analyzed by optical microscope and scanning electron microscope. Three dimensional images of the internal texture were also obtained after crystallization using X-ray computed tomography at at SPring-8 (BL20B2).
The textures similar to natural radial pyroxene chondrules were reproduced at the cooling rates of about 104K/hr. At faster cooling rates (105-106K/hr), samples became transparent glass without any crystals. These glass chondrules rarely exist in nature. The cooling rates (~104K/hr) that successfully reproduced chondrules are slower than the calculated cooling rate (106K/hr) of the melt whose temperature decreases by radiation alone in vacuum. When the nucleation center of the radial texture was observed by high magnification optical microscopy, there in most cases exists a tiny particle that is different from the radial pyroxene. This implies the importance of the heterogeneous nucleation from the tiny particles, which might be formed prior to the formation of the radial texture or impurities simply coming from dusts or the chemical reagent. These experimental data would lead to a discussion on the chondrule formation in the protoplanetary disk in the presence of gases that slowed down the cooling.