Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information


Symbol P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-EM Solar-Terrestrial Sciences, Space Electromagnetism & Space Environment

[P-EM27] Physics and Chemistry in the Atmosphere and Ionosphere

Tue. May 26, 2015 6:15 PM - 7:30 PM Convention Hall (2F)

Convener:*Yuichi Otsuka(Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory, Nagoya University), Takuya Tsugawa(National Institute of Information and Communications Technology), Seiji Kawamura(National Institute of Information and Communications Technology)

6:15 PM - 7:30 PM

[PEM27-P22] An estimation of three-dimensional structures of airglow emission discontinuities using images taken from ISS

*Masato SATO1, Akinori SAITO1, Yusuke AKIYA1, Yuta HOZUMI1 (1.Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University)

Keywords:airglow, mesospheric bore

Three-dimensional structures of airglow emission discontinuities were revealed using images taken by astronauts from International Space Station (ISS). Airglow layers over the Earth's rim were captured by astronauts with a digital camera at night. Because these images were for the visible-light range, Na 589nm and OI 557.7nm emissions 90km altitude were expected to be dominant on these images. Two discontinuities on the airglow layers were observed on 16 October 2011 and 26 August 2014. They were observed from various viewing-angles during observing time 4m24s and 8m15s. Thus the three-dimensional structures of the discontinuities were estimated from these series of images. It was found that the structures would be caused by splitting of two emission layers, Na and OI. It is also found that they extended over 700km in the east-west direction. We estimated the altitude distributions of these emission layers' intensity and their RGB ratio by using Abel function. From the ground-based optical observation, mesospheric bore has been observed as an airglow discontinuity by terrestrial observation of airglow. The observed discontinuities and the bores have similarities and differences. In the presentation, the three-dimensional structures of the discontinuities will be reported, and their generation mechanism will be discussed in the comparison with the bore.