6:15 PM - 7:30 PM
[SIT06-P05] Melting relationships in the Fe-S-Si system at high pressure and temperature
Here, we report the phase relationships and melting temperatures in the Fe-S-Si system up to 60 GPa. Melting experiments were performed in the pressure range of 20-60 GPa and the temperature range of 1300-2500 K using a double-sided laser-heated diamond anvil cell combined with X-ray diffraction technique. The sample compositions used in this study were Fe80.1S12.7Si7.2 (Fe-8wt.%S-4wt.%Si) and Fe74.4S18.5Si7.1 (Fe-12wt.%S-4wt.%Si). In situ X-ray diffraction experiments were conducted at the BL10XU beamline of the SPring-8 facility. The melting detection was based on disappearance of the X-ray diffraction peaks of the sample. On the basis of X-ray diffraction patterns, we confirmed that iron-silicon alloy which hcp and fcc structure and Fe3S are stable phases under subsolidus conditions. Because of dissolution of silicon into iron, the boundary of fcc and hcp phase of this study shifts towards higher pressure compared to that of pure iron. Both solidus and liquidus temperatures are significantly lower than the melting temperature of pure Fe and increases with pressure in this study. In addition, the present melting curve is lower than the melting temperature of the Fe-Si system reported by Asanuma et al. (2010) and slightly lower than the eutectic temperature of the Fe-Fe3S system (Kamada et al., 2012) and that of the Fe-O-S system (Terasaki et al., 2011). In order to draw the melting curve as a function of pressure, we fitted the present results using the Simon’s equation. The obtained fitting parameters are TmR =1277(6), a=116.1(21) and c=1.06(2) for the solidus and TmR =1582(13), a=127.9(48) and c=1.00(3) for the liquidus. Because sulfur and silicon are the candidates for the light elements in the cores of Earth, Mars, and Mercury (e.g., Malavergne et al., 2007), the present results on the solidus and liquidus temperatures can be applicable to the core formation processes in the Earth, Mars, and Mercury.