6:15 PM - 7:30 PM
[SIT35-P03] Measurement of thermal conductiviy of mantle minarals at pressures of the transition zone to the lower mantle
Keywords:mantle minerals, thermal diffusivity, thermal conductivity, high-pressure, Kawai-type apparatus
In order to expand pressure range the cell assembly is needed to advance by reducing its dimensions. A new cell-assembly similar to our previous one is designed for a sample of 2.6 mm in diameter and 0.6 mm in thickness. This smaller cell is installed in a 14 mm edged octahedral pressure medium in 7 mm trancated anvils. This cell enables to make measurements of the thermal properties at pressures exceeding 15 GPa, which will covers the condition in the mantle transition zone. The cell will be also applied to pyroxene samples of which sizes are necessarily limited. Test measurements were made using garnet samples. The results agree well with those of the previous experiments using the larger (18-11 and 14-8) cell, and the extrapolations to zero-pressure coincide to values of other methods. Thus, the pulse heating method will be applied for thermal property measurements of wadsleyite, ringwoodite and majorite. Using large anvils ( >46 mm), the method is probable to measure the thermal conductivity of MgSiO3 perovskite (bridgmanite). However, measurements at high temperature still have somewhat problems in precision. Materials of impulse heater and external furnace should be re-considered. The precision of measurements should be improved by well-controlled machining of the cell assembly and by refining the data acquisition system.