Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information


Symbol P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-PS Planetary Sciences

[P-PS22] Formation and evolution of planetary materials in the solar system

Wed. May 27, 2015 5:15 PM - 6:00 PM A02 (APA HOTEL&RESORT TOKYO BAY MAKUHARI)

Convener:*Shoichi Itoh(Graduate school of Science, Kyoto University), Tomohiro Usui(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences,Tokyo Institute of Technology), Yusuke Seto(Graduate School of Science, Kobe University), Masaaki Miyahara(Department of Earth and Planetary Systems Science, Graduate School of Science, Hiroshima University), Makoto Kimura(Faculty of Science, Ibaraki University), Eiji Ohtani(Department of Earth and Planetary Materials Science, Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University), Hitoshi Miura(Graduate School of Natural Sciences, Department of Information and Biological Sciences, Nagoya City University), Hikaru Yabuta(Osaka University, Department of Earth and Space Science), Chair:Shoichi Itoh(Graduate school of Science, Kyoto University), Masaaki Miyahara(Department of Earth and Planetary Systems Science, Graduate School of Science, Hiroshima University)

5:18 PM - 5:21 PM

[PPS22-P02] Development of precise in-situ U-Th-Pb dating of phosphate using LA-MC-ICP-MS

3-min talk in an oral session

*Shuhei SAKATA1, Shoichi ITOH1, Takafumi HIRATA1 (1.Laboratory for Planetary Science, Kyoto University)

Keywords:Parent body, Phosphate, U-Th-Pb geochronology, LA-ICP-MS

Phosphates in meteorites have high concentration of U and Th (<10 ug/g) and therefore, time-resolved history for planetesimal formation has been constrained based on U-Pb systematics using phosphates in chondrites1),2). To establish a reliable chronological scenario, in-situ dating with high spatial resolution is important because these target material could possibly experience the gain or loss of Pb through the thermal effect or shock metamorphism by impacts among meteorites3) and interaction with water. To clarify the time interval for the formation of the chondritic parent bodies, required time resolution is a few million years at least1). However, it is difficult to achieve the enough precision to discuss the planetesimal history using in-situ dating technique. Laser ablation method (LA) is flexible sampling technique in aspects that the spatial resolution can be readily changed and the various sampling protocols are possible. Recently, the highly-precise age determination has been reported by multiple collector ICP mass spectrometry couple with LA sample introducing technique (LA-MC-ICP-MS)4). In this study, the development of precise in-situ U-Th-Pb dating method of phosphate using LA-MC-ICP-MS is carried out for the purpose of establishment of the time-resolved story for the thermal and accretion history of the chondritic parent bodies.
Problematic points which limit the analytical precision in in-situ U-Th-Pb age determination of phosphate using laser ablation ICP mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) are as followed: (1)error associated with large counting statistics derived from deficit of amount of sampling, (2)absence of age-homogeneous standard reference material of phosphate desired for precise measurement, (3)heterogeneity of Pb isotopic composition in standard reference material caused by non-radiogenic Pb which might be initially distributed in the material, (4)matrix effect associated with the difference of volatility between measured elements, (5) the isobaric interference on 204Pb from 204Hg. To overcome these problems, in this study, we tested the following approaches listed below: (a)enhancement of the total sensitivity through the improvement of interface region of ICP mass spectrometer and the integration of target material using multiple-spot ablation method5), (b)evaluation of the age homogeneity of Madagascar apatite6), (c)evaluation of the common-Pb correction for the standard reference material based on 207Pb method, (d)reduction of the matrix effect by utilizing the femtosecond laser ablation system and development of the method to evaluate the system closure using three isotope diagram for Pb, (e)test of isochron method based on normalization by 208Pb. To identify the suitable phase for analysis, in addition, imaging mass spectrometry for U, Th and Pb isotopes in large area (cm x cm order) by LA-ICP-MS is also tested, and the possibility of age determination using laser ablation in liquid method7) is estimated as well.

1)Gopel et al., Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 121, 153-171 (1994).
2)Allegre et al., Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 59, 1445-1456. (1995).
3)Yin et al., Meteoritics and Planetary Science, 49, 1426-1439 (2014).
4)Buhn et al., Annals of the Brazilian Academy of Sciences, 81, 99-114 (2009).
5)Yokoyama et al., Analytical Chemistry, 83, 8892-8899 (2011).
6)Thomson et al., Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 13, 1-23 (2012).
7)Okabayashi et al., Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry, 26, 1393-1400 (2011).