Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information


Symbol S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-CG Complex & General

[S-CG57] Structure, evolution and dynamics of mobile belts

Thu. May 28, 2015 2:15 PM - 4:00 PM IC (2F)

Convener:*Toru Takeshita(Department of Natural History Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Hokkaido University), Hiroshi Sato(Earthquake Prediction Research Center, Earthquake Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Koichiro Obana(Research and Development Center for Earthquake and Tsunami, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Takuya NISHIMURA(Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University), Yukitoshi Fukahata(Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University), Aitaro Kato(Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University), Jun Muto(Department of Earth Sciences, Tohoku University), Katsushi Sato(Division of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University), Shuichi Kodaira(Institute for Research on Earth Evolution Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Takeshi Sagiya(Disaster Mitigation Research Center, Nagoya University), Tatsuya Ishiyama(Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo), Makoto MATSUBARA(National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention), Yasutaka Ikeda(Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo), Chair:Eiji Kurashimo(Earthquake Research Institute, the University of Tokyo)

2:45 PM - 3:00 PM

[SCG57-26] Structural development of the basin associated with bends on the North Anatolian fault in NW Turkey

*Hulya Kurt1, Christopher SORLIEN2, Leonardo SEEBER3, Michael STECKLER3, Donna SHILLINGTON3, Gunay CIFCI4, Derman DONDURUR4, Seda OKAY4 (1.Istanbul Technical University, Department of Geophysics, 2.Earth Research Institute, University of California, Santa Barbara, 3.Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University, 4.Dokuz Eylul University, Institute of Marine Sciences and Technology)

Keywords:North Anatolian Fault, Marmara Sea, Cinarcik Basin, Multi-Channel Seismic Reflection, Seismic Stratigraphy, Basin Formation

The Marmara Sea in western Turkey contains three subbasins with water depths reaching 1250 m, called from west to east the Tekirdag, Central and Cinarcik basins. These basins are active subsiding marine basins forming along the North Anatolian Fault (NAF) which is 1500 km-long and accommodates the current GPS-derived about 25 mm/yr westward motion of the Anatolian platelet relative to Asia. The Quaternary active Cinarcik basin is representative of the basin that developed in the wake of Tuzla bend along continental transform NAF. The basin is oblique time-transgressive half graben and is bordered by the master northern strand of the transform.
We use existing deep-penetration, low-resolution migrated multichannel seismic reflection (MCS) data and new migrated high-resolution MCS data for seismic stratigraphic interpretations in Cinarcik basin. All the seismic reflection data are used to correlate five stratigraphic horizons which contain stacked low-stand shelf-edge deltas. These five seismic horizons related to the geological boundaries with the known age information are used to calculate thicknesses, depth changes and tilts of the strata within the basin.
The Cinarcik basin has an asymmetric structure and within the basin strata are progressively tilted obliquely toward the bend and toward the border fault, where subsidence is fastest. Yet, nearest the bend is also where the basin is youngest and shallowest. Away from the bend the subsidence rate decreases while the basin get deeper and older. This common pattern is accounted for by time-transgressive basin growth. On the transtensive side of the bend, slip on the transform is oblique normal and the hangingwall side subsides forming the basin. Subsidence continues along the fault and the basin get progressively deeper away from the bend. Eventually, the basin reaches its maximum depth, but can continue to grow longitudinally along the fault.