Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information

International Session (Oral)

Symbol S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-SS Seismology

[S-SS01] Exploring our limits in understanding earthquakes and improving our knowledge -CSEP Experiment in Japan-

Sun. May 24, 2015 4:15 PM - 6:00 PM 102B (1F)

Convener:*Hiroshi Tsuruoka(Earthquake Research Institute, Tokyo Univ.), Danijel Schorlemmer(GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences), Naoshi Hirata(Earthquake Research Institute, the University of Tokyo), Chair:Jiancang Zhuang(Institute of Statistical Mathematics), Takeo Ishibe(Earthquake Research Institute, Univ. of Tokyo)

4:15 PM - 4:30 PM

[SSS01-08] Detecting spatial variations of earthquake clustering parameters via maximum weighted likelihoods estimates

*Jiancang ZHUANG1 (1.Institute of Statistical Mathematics)

Keywords:ETAS model, earthquake cluster, earthquake forecasting, weight likelihood estimator

The ETAS model has been used to describe the clustering features of seismicity with just several parameters. To see how the clustering parameters and background rates change spatially, in this study, the earthquake data from the JMA catalog are used and these model parameters are estimated by using the maximum weighted likelihood estimate (MWLE) method. Even though this MWLE method is not as sophisticated as the HIST-ETAS model, which is built on a more rigorous basis of the Bayesian procedure with the smoothness prior, MWLE is simpler to implement, in both parallel and non-parallel computing environments, without loss of detecting resolution of the spatial variation of earthquake clustering parameters.

The data analysis shows that the spatial variation of the MWLEs of each parameter shows different features between tectonic regions. Also, applying the MWLE method has the potentials for improving the forecasting performance of the space-time ETAS model in evaluating earthquake probabilities.

Figure 1: Spatial variations of the ETAS parameters estimated by using maximum weighted likelihood estimate (MWLE). (a) A, (b) α, (c) q, (d) γ.