Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information


Symbol P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-PS Planetary Sciences

[P-PS22] Formation and evolution of planetary materials in the solar system

Wed. May 27, 2015 5:15 PM - 6:00 PM A02 (APA HOTEL&RESORT TOKYO BAY MAKUHARI)

Convener:*Shoichi Itoh(Graduate school of Science, Kyoto University), Tomohiro Usui(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences,Tokyo Institute of Technology), Yusuke Seto(Graduate School of Science, Kobe University), Masaaki Miyahara(Department of Earth and Planetary Systems Science, Graduate School of Science, Hiroshima University), Makoto Kimura(Faculty of Science, Ibaraki University), Eiji Ohtani(Department of Earth and Planetary Materials Science, Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University), Hitoshi Miura(Graduate School of Natural Sciences, Department of Information and Biological Sciences, Nagoya City University), Hikaru Yabuta(Osaka University, Department of Earth and Space Science), Chair:Shoichi Itoh(Graduate school of Science, Kyoto University), Masaaki Miyahara(Department of Earth and Planetary Systems Science, Graduate School of Science, Hiroshima University)

5:15 PM - 5:18 PM

[PPS22-P01] Development on the post-ionization SNMS and application for the isotopic measurement of Presolar SiC grains

3-min talk in an oral session

*Taichi SUWA1, Kentaro TERADA1, Yosuke KAWAI1, Hikaru YABUTA1, Michisato TOYODA1, Morio ISHIHARA1, Jun AOKI1 (1.Graduate School of Science, Osaka University)

Keywords:SIMS, presolar grain, in-situ analysis, isotope anomaly, nuclear synthesis, meteorite

Isotopic composition of the individual presolar grains in primitive meteorites provide us the information on nucleosynthesis in Asymptotic Giant Branch stars (AGB stars) or supernova explosion that had occurred prior to the formation of the Solar system. So far, isotopic measurement of individual presolar grains often has been carried out by using Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (SIMS). However, since secondary ion yield of SIMS is less than 1 %, precise analysis of minor elements in individual grains has been difficult. That is, improvement of sensitivity is highly desired for better understanding of the nucleosynthesis.
Here, we report on the development on the post-ionization Sputtered Neutral Mass Spectrometry (SNMS) and an application for the isotopic measurement of presolar silicon carbide grains (SiCs). In this analytical system, the neutrals particles sputtered by Ga ion beam of which diameter is 40nm~2 μm was post-ionized by femt-second laser, and separated by the multi-turn time-of-flight mass spectrometer ‘MULTUM’ depending on their masses. Last year, we has achieved the about 1000 times higher secondary ion yield for Pb signals with high mass resolution (Nakabayashi et al. 2014).
Based on the preliminary Si isotope analysis using SNMS, we confirmed that current SNMS system shows good reproducibility of terrestrial Si isotopic ratios and figured out that the instrumental mass fractionation is -150~200‰/amu. Moreover, we successfully separate 28Si (=27.977 amu) and 29Si (=28.976 amu) peaks from interference peaks such as N2 (=28.006 amu), CO (=27.995 amu) and 28SiH (=28.985 amu) by using MULTUM. Finally, we also confirm the heavy isotopic anomaly of Si isotopes (δ30Si/28Si=100~200‰ ,δ29Si/28Si=130~200‰) of presolar SiC candidates extracted from Murchison meteorite, which are consistent with those of previous studies.