Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information


Symbol A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-CG Complex & General

[A-CG31] Science in the Arctic Region

Tue. May 26, 2015 6:15 PM - 7:30 PM Convention Hall (2F)

Convener:*Nozomu Takeuchi(Chiba University), Tetsuya Hiyama(Hydrospheric Atmospheric Research Center, Nagoya University), Toru Hirawake(Faculty of Fisheries Sciences, Hokkaido University), Hiroshi Tanaka(Center for Computational Sciences, University of Tsukuba), Satonori Nozawa(Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory)

6:15 PM - 7:30 PM

[ACG31-P08] Upper atmosphere cooling over the past 33 years

*Yasunobu OGAWA1, Tetsuo MOTOBA2, Stephan Buchert3, Ingemar Haggstrom4, Satonori NOZAWA2 (1.National Institute of Polar Research, 2.Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory, Nagoya University, 3.Swedish Institute of Space Physics, 4.EISCAT Scientific Association)

Theoretical models and observations have suggested that the increasing greenhouse gas concentration in the troposphere causes the upper atmosphere to cool and contract. However, our understanding of the long-term trends in the upper atmosphere is still quite incomplete, due to a limited amount of available and well-calibrated data. The European Incoherent Scatter (EISCAT) radar has gathered data in the polar ionosphere above Tromso for over 33 years. Using this long-term data set, we have estimated the ?rst significant trends of ion temperature at altitudes between 200 and 450 km. The estimated trends indicate a cooling of 10-15 K/decade near the F region peak (220-380 km altitude), whereas above 400 km the trend is nearly zero or even warming. The height profiles of the observed trends are close to those predicted by recent atmospheric general circulation models. Our results are the ?rst quantitative confirmation of the simulations and of the qualitative expectations.