Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information


Symbol A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-CC Cryospheric Sciences & Cold District Environment

[A-CC29] Ice cores and past environmental changes

Tue. May 26, 2015 4:15 PM - 6:00 PM 301A (3F)

Convener:*Kenji Kawamura(National Institute of Polar Research, Research Organization of Information and Systems), Minoru Ikehara(Center for Advanced Marine Core Research, Kochi University), Nozomu Takeuchi(Chiba University), Ayako Abe-Ouchi(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Chair:Minoru Ikehara(Center for Advanced Marine Core Research, Kochi University), Nozomu Takeuchi(Chiba University)

4:45 PM - 5:00 PM

[ACC29-10] Ice core records of organic aerosol tracers over the past 450 years

*Osamu SEKI1, Kimitaka KAWAMURA1, Takayuki SHIRAIWA1 (1.Institute of Low Temperature Science, Hokkaido University)

Keywords:ice core, Greenland, Kamchatka, organic aerosol, Little Ice Age, Arctic Oscillation

Carbonaceous aerosols, which include a mix of light absorbing and light-scattering components, influence the global climate via direct and indirect effects on radiative balance. However, the natural variability and factors controlling the emissions, transport and role in the climate system of carbonaceous aerosols are highly uncertain both for the past and future. Here we analyzed organic molecule tracers in ice-cores collected from Greenland and Kamchatka Peninsula over the past 450 years. Newly generated and previously published organic tracer records (Kawamura et al., 1996, 2012) were derived from Greenland Site-J and the Kamchatka Ushkovsky ice-cores. Concentrations of specific organic tracers: soil bacteria derived long-chain dicarboxylic acids (hereafter di-acids), higher plant leaf-wax derived long-chain monocarboxylic acids (hereafter leaf-waxes), and biomass burning derived levoglucosan are applied to reconstruct changes in the deflation and transport of soil organic matter (di-acids and leaf-waxes) and biomass burning products (levoglucosan and leaf-waxes). The concentrations and composition of biomass burning-, soil bacterial- and plant wax -tracers in the two ice cores were found to correspond with Arctic and regional temperatures from the different parts of the world over solar modulated multi-decadal time-scales with order of magnitude decreases (increases) in abundance during the colder (warmer) phases of the Little Ice Age. Thus, our study suggests a strong link between Arctic climate and carbonaceous aerosol loading in the high latitude.