Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information


Symbol A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-HW Hydrology & Water Environment

[A-HW24] Isotope Hydrology 2015

Mon. May 25, 2015 11:00 AM - 12:45 PM 301A (3F)

Convener:*Masaya Yasuhara(Geological Survey of Japan, AIST), Kohei Kazahaya(Geological Survey of Japan, AIST), Shinji Ohsawa(Institute for Geothermal Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University), Masaaki Takahashi(The National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology), YUICHI SUZUKI(Faculty of Geo-Environmental Sience,Rissho University), Futaba Kazama(Social Cystem Engineering, Division of Engineering, Interdiciplinary Graduate School of Medical and Engineering, University of Yamanashi), Kazuyoshi Asai(Geo Science Laboratory), Chair:Kazuyoshi Asai(Geo Science Laboratory), Takashi Nakamura(International Research Center for River Basin Environment, University of YAMANASHI)

11:00 AM - 11:15 AM

[AHW24-06] Saline groundwaters in and around the Osaka Basin and those origins

*Harue MASUDA1, Tsuyoshi SHINTANI1, Muneki MITAMURA1, Atsuhisa MARUI2, Noritoshi MORIKAWA2, Takanori NAKANO3 (1.Graduate School of Science, Osaka City University, 2.AIST, 3.Research Institute for Humanity and Nature)

Keywords:Deep groundwater, Arima-type brine, active faults, hydrogen and oxygen isotope ratios

Many saline waters including high amounts of Fe and occasionally CO2 and bicarbonate ions are issuing in the mountainous areas surrounding Osaka Basin. Among those waters, Arima hotspring is the most famous and the hot saline water has been called Arima-type brine, which is characterized by heavy oxygen isotope shift and high 3He/4He ratio similar to the mantle derived component (e. g., Nagao et al. 1981). High CO2 and 3He/4He saline waters similar to the Arima-type brine have been known at Ishibotoke at southern mountainous area of Osaka (e. g., Matsumoto et al., 2003). Saline groundwaters were found in the Quaternary sediments and underlying basement rocks of Osaka Basin. Those waters occasionally contained high 3He/4He ratios and were suggested the similarity to the Arima-type brine (Morikawa et al., 2008). In this study, saline waters containing >500 mg/L chloride ions and >400 mg/L HCO3- ions were three-dimensionally mapped assuming the well depth was the sampling depth of groundwater to see the relationship between the occurrence of saline waters and geological structure. Then, the origins of saline waters were estimated from the relationships among hydrogen and oxygen isotope ratios and chloride ion concentrations.
The saline waters distribute characteristically along the boundary between sedimentary basin and surrounding mountains and the bottom of the basin including the lowermost sedimentary formation and basement rocks. The former is usually along active faults; Arima-Takatsuki Tectonic Line at the north and Ikoma faults system at the east and south. These faults would work as recharging paths of deep groundwater and seawater might inflow using these faults. The latter does not have clear relationship to the tectonic structure.
Hydrogen and oxygen isotope ratios of saline waters are plotted on a mixing line of seawater and local meteoric water. If seawater is one of the end members, relationships of chloride concentration and those isotope ratios also give mixing lines. Although these relationships of saline waters at <100 m depths show the mixing lines, the those of deeper ones do not give simple mixing lines; chloride concentration and oxygen isotope ratio of saline waters at 100-500 m depths are on the mixing line while hydrogen isotope ratios are smaller than those affected by seawater, and the saline waters >500 m depth have smaller isotope ratios than those contributed by seawater. Compared with the Arima-type brine, oxygen shift is not large for these saline waters, however, such an isotope characteristics would be on the formation process of Arima-type brine.