5:30 PM - 5:45 PM
[HDS27-23] Integration of hazard curves in Probabilitsic Tsunami Hazard Assessment in Japan
Keywords:tsunami, hazard assessment, probability
In order to take account for the uncertainties, we construct 106 tsunami source models for the type of off the Pacific coast of Tohoku Earthquake, which are difference in source region, magnitude, and slip distribution. As the first process of integration, we set weights for each source model. A tsunami height probability density distribution are calculated from tsunami heights and weights of each source model, and a hazard curve is calculated by multiplying the probability density distribution by the occurrence probability of off the Pacific coast of Tohoku Earthquake. The probability density distribution is depend on the setting rule of weight.
We experimentally examine PTHAs assuming different four weight setting rules. Mean values and standard deviations of the probability density distributions are calculated and compared to the observed tsunami heights in 2011 off the Pacific coast of Tohoku Earthquake. In one setting rule, which meet the policy of setting weights in the National Seismic Hazard Maps for Japan, mean +1σ values are smaller than the the observed tsunami heights at almost every costal sites of Tohoku. By setting larger weights for the source models which have the magnitude of 9.1, or have large slip amounts near trench axis, mean +1σ values become larger and include the observation values.
This study was conducted by a part of research project in NIED for tsunami hazard assessment for the whole of Japan.