5:00 PM - 5:15 PM
[PEM07-28] Variation of trace chemical species induced by solar energetic particles in the middle atmosphere: ozone and nitric acid
We have performed simulations for variation of chemical composition in SEP events by solving a large number of rate equations for concentrations of chemical spices without taking into account of transport processes, i.e., simple Box-model simulations. More than 70 chemical spices including ions and about 480 chemical reactions are adopted in the present simulation. A large number of ionic processes including recombination in the stratosphere were treated for the first time to our knowledge.
We assume that the energy deposits from the SEP protons to the chemical species determine the yields of prompt products. As a result, we can consider the prompt products to be generated from nitrogen and oxygen molecules of major components of the air. The estimation of the energy deposit is carried out using the calculations of ion-pair creation by the SEP protons . For the yield estimation of the prompt products, the G-values are used [2,3], where the G-values are given by amount of products per absorbed energy of 100eV. During a SEP event, we deal with both the photochemical reactions and the reactions induced by the SEP protons in the simulation. Variation of chemical composition in a SEP event is estimated as a difference between the result of the simulation including the processes triggered by the SEP protons and that by taking account of only photochemical reactions.
In this talk, we will mainly report the results by our Box-model simulation for the variations of ozone and nitric acid for the SEP event observed in October-November 2003.
 C.H. Jackman et al., Atmos. Chem. Phys. 8, 765 (2008).
 C. Willis and A. W. Boyd, Int. J. Radiat. Phys. Chem. 8, 71 (1976).
 H. Mätzing, Adv. Chem. Phys. LXXX, 315 (1991).