Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information

International Session (Poster)

Symbol H (Human Geosciences) » H-GM Geomorphology

[H-GM02] Geomorphology

Tue. May 26, 2015 6:15 PM - 7:30 PM Convention Hall (2F)

Convener:*Hiroshi Shimazu(Department of Geography, Faculty of Geo-Environmental Science, Rissho University), Chiaki T. Oguchi(Institute for Environmental Science and Technology, Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Saitama University), Masayuki Seto(Fukushima Future Center for Regional Revitalization, Fukushima University)

6:15 PM - 7:30 PM

[HGM02-P03] A recursion model for calculating the original widths of narrow terraces and their lateral erosion rates on rock coasts.

*Shimpei UESAWA1 (1.Shimpei Uesawa)

Keywords:rock coast, recursion model, lateral erosion rate

This presentation presents a new and simple recursion model for calculating the erosion rates of flights of narrow terraces under conditions of regular uplift. The general equations developed are: Δxn = Δx’n + Δxn-1 - Δzn-1/tanθ, and εn = Δxn/tn - tn+1, where n is the number of narrow terraces, Δxn is the original width of narrow terrace n, Δx’n is the observed width of narrow terrace n, Δxn-1 is the original width of narrow terrace n-1 (one step below terrace n), Δz is the height of the narrow terrace, θ is the gradient of the slope, ε is the lateral erosion rate, and t is the time uplifted. The model can be used to calculate the lateral erosion rate if the widths of the present shore platform and of the emerged narrow terraces can be obtained, and where chronological control is available. Lateral erosion rates on the Ashizuri, Boso, and Kii peninsulas in Japan, as well as the Huon Peninsula in Papua New Guinea, were calculated using the model to be approximately 0.001, 0.2-1.0, 0.009, and 0.002-0.014 m/yr, respectively. These calculated values are in agreement with the rates of lateral erosion determined in previous studies.