5:18 PM - 5:21 PM
[MAG38-P10] The distributions and behavior of radiocaesium according to grain sizes in sediments after the FDNPS accident
3-min talk in an oral session
Keywords:radiocaesium, Fukushima coastal area, marine sediment, grain size, FDNPS
The sediments were divided into four classes based on grain sizes using several mesh sizes: granules (grain size larger than 2 mm); very coarse to coarse sand particles (1 to 2 mm); coarse to very fine sand particles (0.063 to 1 mm); and silt particles (smaller than 0.063 mm). Radionuclides were measured for each grain size class using high-purity gamma ray spectrometry and then corrected to the sampling date.
In collected sediments, the only artificial radionuclides detected were radiocaesium. In the surface layer of sediments (0-5 cm), the percentage ranges were: granules, 0 to 23 %; very coarse to coarse sand particles, 0 to 39 %; coarse to very fine sand particles, 38 to 98 %; and silt particles, 0 to 46 %. The 137Cs activities for coarse to very fine sand particles and silt particles ranged from 8.5 to 609 Bq kg-1-dry and 18 to 1487 Bq kg-1-dry, respectively and the latter particle activities were higher than those for the former particles in most layers. The 137Cs inventories for coarse to very fine sand particles ranged from 972 to 3285 Bq m-2 and those in the water depth range of 100 to 150 m were highest. The 137Cs inventories for silt particles ranged from 1387 to 31321 Bq m-2 and they decreased with increasing water depth.The fractions of 137Cs inventories in the uppermost layer of sediments (0-3 cm) to those in the surface layer of sediment (F’0-3) for coarse to very fine sand particles and silt particles were 0.33 to 0.88 and 0.24 to 0.77, respectively. The F’0-3 values for silt particles were lower than those for coarse to very fine sand particles. It appeared that silt particles more easily adsorbed radiocaesium that had been transported to a deep sediment layer compared to coarse to very fine sand particles.
He, Q., and Walling, D., E. (1996) Journal of Environ. Radioact, 20 (2), 117-137.