Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information


Symbol P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-PS Planetary Sciences

[P-PS22] Formation and evolution of planetary materials in the solar system

Thu. May 28, 2015 2:15 PM - 4:00 PM A02 (APA HOTEL&RESORT TOKYO BAY MAKUHARI)

Convener:*Shoichi Itoh(Graduate school of Science, Kyoto University), Tomohiro Usui(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences,Tokyo Institute of Technology), Yusuke Seto(Graduate School of Science, Kobe University), Masaaki Miyahara(Department of Earth and Planetary Systems Science, Graduate School of Science, Hiroshima University), Makoto Kimura(Faculty of Science, Ibaraki University), Eiji Ohtani(Department of Earth and Planetary Materials Science, Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University), Hitoshi Miura(Graduate School of Natural Sciences, Department of Information and Biological Sciences, Nagoya City University), Hikaru Yabuta(Osaka University, Department of Earth and Space Science), Chair:Masaaki Miyahara(Department of Earth and Planetary Systems Science, Graduate School of Science, Hiroshima University)

3:15 PM - 3:30 PM

[PPS22-17] Shock-metamorphosed zircons from the Jack Hills metaconglomerate in the Narryer Gneiss Complex, Western Australia

*Shinji YAMAMOTO1, Tsuyoshi KOMIYA1 (1.Department of Earth and Astronomy, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, The University of Tokyo)

An intense flux of extraterrestrial bodies into inner solar system during ca. 3.8-4.1, called as Late Heavy Bombardment (LHB), has been hypothesized originally from studies of the Moon. Extraterrestrial impacts by meteoritic bodies and comets on the early Earth play a significant role for the initial state of crustal, atmospheric and biological evolution. Considering the planetary size, the Earth should have suffered approximately 20 times the impact flux compared to the Moon. Ancient terrestrial evidence of impact in the early Earth is, however, scarcely preserved due to surface erosion, sedimentary burial and tectonic destruction. To date, the oldest impact structure on the Earth is the 2.02 Ga Vredefort Dome, South Africa, and another oldest evidence of impact is 3.47-3.24 Ga spherule layers in the Barberton Greenstone Belt, South Africa. The impact chronology from these spherule layers suggest that the impact flux was significantly higher 3.5 Ga than today, but there are no terrestrial evidence of impact prior 3.5 Ga.
Geological information during Hadean era (before 4.0 Ga) can be deduced from detrital zircons as old as 4.4 Ga preserved in metasedimentary rocks at Jack Hills in the Narryer Gneiss Complex, Western Australia. Previous studies have reported that the Jack Hills metasedimentary rocks contain detrital zircons with ages continuously spanning from ca. 3.0 up to 4.4 Ga, but evidence of impact, such as shock-metamorphosed minerals, have not been confirmed. In the study we first report shock-metamorphosed detrital zircons from the Jack Hills metaconglomerate, in the Narryer Gneiss complex, Western Australia. A total of 8993 detrital zircons were investigated for the surface and internal structure using a scanning electron microscope and optical microscope with/without acid treatment, and four types of shock-metamorphosed zircons were currently identified; (1) curvi-planar (non-planar) feature (n = 6), (2) multiple sets of planar feature (n = 7), (3) partly granular (polycrystalline) texture (n = 2), and (4) fully granular texture (n = 10). Of these four, multiple sets of planar feature are proved for diagnostic evidence for impact origin, and now observed as annealed (decorated) planar feature, probably due to post-impact thermal heating or regional metamorphic overprint. Coarse polycrystalline zircon represents several micro-meter sized crystallites in a glassy ZrSiO4 matrix that may resulted from shock-induced amorphization and subsequent recrystallization. This grain shows abundant micro-vesicles and tiny ThSiO4 phase suggesting incipient melting and degassing.
Shock-metamorphosed zircons are often utilized for impact-dating due to their partly or completely Pb-loss (age resetting). Therefore, impact age determinations on shock-metamorphosed detrital zircons from the Jack Hills metaconglomerate would provide significant clues not only for the deciphering the impact history on the early Earth but also for the verifying LHB hypothesis.