Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information

International Session (Oral)

Symbol P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-PS Planetary Sciences

[P-PS05] Mars

Thu. May 28, 2015 9:00 AM - 10:45 AM A03 (APA HOTEL&RESORT TOKYO BAY MAKUHARI)

Convener:*Takehiko Satoh(Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency), Masaki Ishiwatari(Department of Cosmosciences, Graduate school of Science, Hokkaido University), Sho Sasaki(Department of Earth and Space Sciences, School of Science, Osaka University), Yoshiyuki O. Takahashi(Graduate School of Science, Kobe University), Ayako Matsuoka(Research Division for Space Plasma, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency), Hideaki Miyamoto(The University Museum, The University of Tokyo), Chair:Yoshiyuki O. Takahashi(Graduate School of Science, Kobe University)

10:00 AM - 10:15 AM

[PPS05-07] Life-Detection Microscope (LDM) onboard 2020 Mars Mission MELOS

*Takehiko SATOH1, Akihiko YAMAGISHI2, Atsuo MIYAKAWA2, Satoshi SASAKI3, Kazuhisa FUJITA1, Team LDM1 (1.JAXA, 2.Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Science, 3.Tokyo University of Technology)

Keywords:Mars, Life, Microscope, Fluorescence, Soil, Rover

Life-Detection Microscope (LDM) is the primary science payload onboard the MELOS rover which we propose to launch in 2020. LDM is designed to achieve a sensitivity (104 cells per gram soil) which is two orders of magnitude better than the Viking Lander experiments. The strategy to achieve this high sensitivity includes: 1) cells, if exist, are dyed with SYTO24, PI, and CDMA pigments; 2) the fluorescence from dyed cells (excited with blue light at 488 nm) is imaged with 1 um/pixel resolution; 3) the field of view in one image is 1 mm2; and 4) 2 mm3 volume of Martian soil is scanned.
LDM consists of 3 components: Sample-Handling System (SHS), Fluorescence Microscope (FluM), and Driver and Data Processor (DDP). To receive soil sample from the robotic arm of the rover, one "empty" sample container is selected and is moved to the sample inlet position (X and Y movements in SHS). After receiving the soil sample, the dye is injected and then the container lid is closed so that the rapid evapolation of the solvent under the atmospheric pressure (6 hPa) of Mars is avoided. A set of regolith and dust images in white light are acquired before "fluorescence" mode is started. In "fluorescence" mode, a set of images with different focal depths (0 to 0.1 mm) are acquired at each of 20 (X, Y) positions, achieving scan of desired volume (2 mm3) of soil sample. The images are examined for suspicious objects and small sections of images which include such objects, if any, are stored in the rover's data recorder for later downlink to the earth.
We will report progress in development of LDM and will discuss the operation strategy of LDM in the mission period on Mars.