12:00 PM - 12:15 PM
[MIS03-08] Origin of mica in Allophanic Andosols in Japan and its role as a radiocesium fixing material
Keywords:loess, oxygen isotopic analysis, Radiocesium Interception Potential, Allophanic Andosol, mica
Twenty-three soil samples were collected from a plow layer (0-15 cm) of either paddy or upland fields distributing at alluvial plains in Hokkaido, Tohoku, Kanto, and Kyusyu districts, representative areas of Allophanic Andosols. Particles with a size of 2-20 μm and < 2.0 μm were fractionated from the soils by sedimentation method. RCs retention ability for each particle was represented by the Radiocesium intereception potential (RIP). Quartz content was estimated by random powder X-ray diffraction analysis for 2-20 μm particles with adding α-Al2O3 as an internal standard. Mica content in 2-20 μm particles was estimated by the amount of potassium extracted by fusion with NaHSO4, whereas that in < 2.0 μm particles was estimated by K extracted by digestion with HF-HClO4. Quartz was isolated from 2-20 μm particles by the selective dissolution with H2SiF6, and then δ18O value for the isolated quartz was determined to estimate the origin.
The RIP value for 2-20 μm and <2 μm fractions was 1.7±0.8 mol kg-1 and 2.6±1.3 mol kg-1, respectively. Mica-K content in the respective fractions was 3.2±1.3 g kg-1 and 3.4±1.7 g kg-1. These values are considerably small compared with those for fine particles in non-volcanic soils. The RIP positively correlated with mica-K content for each fraction, indicating that RCs retention ability is mainly controlled by the amount of micas, in spite of its minority as a mineral component. The mica-K content is proportional to the quartz content, suggesting that the origin of these minerals would be the same. Furthermore, δ18O value for the isolated quartz was +14.8‰ on average with a range of +10.8 to +16.1‰, which is clearly higher than those of volcanic materials while similar to those of Chinese loess. Thus, this study strongly indicated that the RCs retention ability of Allophanic Andosols is largely controlled by loess-derived micas.