12:15 PM - 12:30 PM
[MIS29-13] Variations of sferic waveforms in VLF range observed by AVON
Keywords:lightning, cloud-to-ground lightning, lightning geolocation, sferic waveform, very low frequency
In this study, we use Asia VLF observation Network (AVON) and estimate the location of lightning and electrical characteristics of each lightning stroke in South-East Asia. AVON monitors electromagnetic waves in the frequency range of 0.1 kHz – 40 kHz. We estimate the lightning locations using 3 stations of AVON, that is, at Tainan, Taiwan, Saraburi, Thailand and Potianak, Indonesia, by time-of-arrival method and the charge moment change (CMC) using the waveform of sferics in VLF range. However, there is a difficulty in estimating CMC with VLF wave forms occurred at long range (>200 km) since the ground wave is overlapped by sky waves. We investigated the relationship between the ground wave and sky waves for different ranges. The observed data is from 06:00(UT), December 1st 2010 to 00:00(UT), December 2nd 2010 and the total number of analyzed events is 72. We divided to consider change of the ground wave and sky waves by depending on ranges at intervals of 100km.
It is found that the sky waves are dominant as compared with the ground wave at long range and it is possible that we estimate CMC of CG lightning, considering low frequency of the lightning discharge. We found that there was the time variation of arrival time for sky waves because of the changes of the ionospheric height. It could be possible to identify a lightning pulse as one of them using sky waves, considering the ionospheric height. We discuss about the geolocation of CG lightning using arrival times of sky wave and estimation of CMC using observed data from AVON.