Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information


Symbol A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-AS Atmospheric Sciences, Meteorology & Atmospheric Environment

[A-AS22] Hyper-dense observation and forecast to elucidate micro-scale atmospheric phenomena

Tue. May 26, 2015 9:00 AM - 10:45 AM 301A (3F)

Convener:*Jun-ichi Furumoto(Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere, Kyoto University), Nobumitsu Tsunematsu(Tokyo Metropolitan Research Institute for Environmental Protection), Kentaro Araki(Forecast Research Department, Meteorological Research Institute, Japan Meteorological Agency), Chair:Kuniaki Higashi(Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere, Kyoto University)

9:00 AM - 9:15 AM

[AAS22-14] Doppler radar and lidar analysis for 13 June 2014 Fuchu City hailstorm using a 3DVAR

*Kenichi SHIMOSE1, Shingo SHIMIZU1, Shin-ichi SUZUKI1, Yukari SHUSSE1, Takeshi MAESAKA1, Kaori KIEDA1, Koyuru IWANAMI1 (1.National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention)

Keywords:Doppler radar, Doppler lidar, hail, data assimilation

This paper is described about a 3DVAR analysis of the hailstorm event on 13 June 2014 around Fuchu City, the Tokyo Metropolitan Area, Japan. The hail with a diameter of 3 centimeters and wind gust were reported with this event. This hailstorm was observed by multiple X-band polarimetric Doppler radar and a Doppler lidar, simultaneously. For this case, the CReSS 3DVAR with MSM for a background field was used to analyze the wind structure of this hailstorm.
On that day, there was a cold low in the northern part of Japan and a trough was laid on the Tokyo Metropolitan Area. The duration of the hailstorm is about 3.5 hours (from 1000 LST to 1330 LST), and hail fell around 1210 LST. The analysis of the X-band polarimetric Doppler radar shows that the region of hail was located the southern edge of the storm and was indicated large specific differential phase (Kdp) value (8 degree km-1) at 1 km AGL. This large Kdp region also corresponded to strong downdraft region (5 m s-1) at 1 km AGL. The reported wind gust might be caused by this strong downdraft. The Doppler lidar, which was located on the warm sector of the hailstorm, completely succeeded to capture the radial velocity of the inflow toward the hailstorm.
The 3DVAR analysis of horizontal wind field at 500 m AGL shows that the horizontal wind field is greatly improved the flows into the hailstorm around the observation range of the Doppler lidar. The 3DVAR analysis also improve the flows out to the hailstorm around the observation range of the X-band polarimetric Doppler radar, and the boundary of the outflow and inflow of the hailstorm is clearly analyzed. For a future work, it is planned to carry out the prediction experiment of the hailstorm using the analyzed fields.