Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information

International Session (Oral)

Symbol A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-GE Geological & Soil Environment

[A-GE04] Subsurface Mass Transport and Environmental Assessment

Sun. May 24, 2015 11:00 AM - 12:45 PM 301A (3F)

Convener:*Yasushi Mori(Graduate School of Environmental and Life Science, Okayama University), Hirotaka Saito(Department of Ecoregion Science, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology), Ken Kawamoto(Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Saitama University), Shoichiro Hamamoto(Department of Biological and Environmental Engineering, The University of Tokyo), Ming Zhang(Institute for Geo-Resources and Environment, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology), Chair:Hirotaka Saito(Department of Ecoregion Science, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology), Shoichiro Hamamoto(Department of Biological and Environmental Engineering, The University of Tokyo)

12:24 PM - 12:26 PM

[AGE04-P04] Effects of temperature change in a marine subsurface aquifer on groundwater quality

3-min talk in an oral session

*Masato KENMOCHI1, Takashi UEKI1, Takeshi SAITOU1, Shoichiro HAMAMOTO2, Ken KAWAMOTO1, Per Moldrup3, Toshiko KOMATSU1 (1.Graduate School of Science and Engineering , Saitama University, 2.The University of Tokyo, 3.Aalborg university, Aalborg, Denmark)

Keywords:Ground Source Heat Pum(GSHP), thermal loading, temperature change, groundwater quality, marine aquifer, natural cooling

Ground Source Heat Pump (GSHP) systems are getting increasingly used worldwide. GSHP systems utilize the groundwater temperature via heat exchange for cooling or heating of buildings, and GSHP is generally recognized as a renewable and sustainable energy system. For example, applying GSHP instead of conventional heating/cooling systems makes it possible to reduce CO₂ emissions to the atmosphere, save energy, and restrain urban heat island phenomena. On the other hand, GSHP systems dispose heat or cold to the subsurface, which causes subsurface temperature change and, consequently, may cause changes in chemical composition of the groundwater (possible groundwater contamination) as well as a disturbance of the subsurface microbial ecosystem. However, the effect of temperature change on the subsurface environment is not well understood. Therefore, we conducted a long-term thermal loading and natural cooling test and investigated the temperature change effects on groundwater quality. The experimental site is located in Saitama University, Japan. The experimental system was installed with a U-tube as the heat exchanger. Four groundwater monitoring wells were installed for an upper (marine) and a lower (non-marine) aquifer at 1m (W1), 2m (W2), 5m (W5) and 10m (W10) distance from the U-tube heat exchanger. Thermal loading into the subsurface was applied for totally 13 months by circulating 40 ℃ water inside the U-tube heat exchanger. Results showed groundwater temperature at W1 increased about 8 ℃ (from 17 ℃ to 25 ℃) for the first 6 months and then stayed almost constant. In the upper aquifer, concentrations of boron, DOC, and several other chemical components increased together with the increase in subsurface temperature. In the lower aquifer, a similar effect of temperature could only be observed for one chemical while data were not sufficient for other chemical compounds. After thermal loading, the effect of natural cooling on groundwater quality was investigated for 14 months. At the end of the thermal cooling period, the subsurface temperature and the concentrations of components that had increased during thermal loading all decreased to approximately the initial values observed before heating had started. For these components, an approximate linear relationship between change in chemical concentration and change in subsurface temperature was observed.