Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information


Symbol A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-HW Hydrology & Water Environment

[A-HW27] Water and material transport and cycle in watersheds: from headwater to coastal area

Sun. May 24, 2015 2:15 PM - 4:00 PM 301B (3F)

Convener:*Shinji Nakaya(Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Shinshu University), Mitsuyo Saito(Graduate School of Environmental and Life Science, Okayama University), Shin-ichi Onodera(Graduate School of Integrated and Arts Sciences, Hiroshima University), Kazuhisa Chikita(Department of Natural History Sciences, Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University), Tomohisa Irino(Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University), Masahiro Kobayashi(Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute), Seiko Yoshikawa(Narional Institute for Agro-Environmental Sciences), Noboru Okuda(Research Institute for Humanity and Nature), Chair:Shin-ichi Onodera(Graduate School of Integrated and Arts Sciences, Hiroshima University)

3:15 PM - 3:30 PM

[AHW27-19] Groundwater dating in southern Hamadori region, Fukushima, Japan

*Koki KASHIWAYA1, Yuta MUTO1, Taiki KUBO1, Katsuaki KOIKE1, Naoaki SHIBASAKI2, Shiho YABUSAKI2, Shinji NAKAYA3, Reo IKAWA4, Atsunao MARUI4 (1.Kyoto University, 2.Fukushima University, 3.Shinshu University, 4.AIST)

Keywords:groundwater, residence time, tritium, sulfur hexafluoride, Fukushima, The Great East Japan Earthquake

Understanding of groundwater system characteristics, that control groundwater flow and mass transport in the system, is helpful for various purposes such as conservation of groundwater amount and quality, vulnerability assessment of groundwater system to pollution, and prediction of temporal and spatial variation of polluted condition. National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology conducted "Study on Risk Evaluation of Groundwater Pollution" to assess distribution of groundwater resources, characteristics of groundwater systems, and to utilize the information for reconstruction from the Great East Japan Earthquake. The authors participated this project and carried out groundwater survey in southern Hamadori region, Fukushima Prefecture (Muto et al., 2013). Residence time of groundwater is significant to estimate flow regime, and sulfur hexafluoride (SF6) and tritium were analyzed in addition to major dissolved components, heavy metal elements, hydrogen and oxygen isotopes, etc.
Study area was Iwaki and Hirono in the southern Hamadori region. Groundwater samples were collected at 39 wells in Iwaki and 27 wells in Hirono. SF6 was detected at all wells except for one well, and exceptionally high SF6 concentrations were measured at four wells. These exceptionally high SF6 concentrations were presumably caused by local source contamination because such concentrations cannot be explained from equilibrium between groundwater and modern air. Considering that SF6 was industrially produced after 1953 (Maiss and Brenninkmeijer, 1998), the results imply that groundwater from the almost all wells contain fraction recharged after 1953, at least partly. 25 percentile of residence time assuming piston flow was 18.9 years, median was 21.8 years, and 75 percentile was 26.8 years. Analytical results of tritium are compared with SF6 based on lumped parameter models (Zuber and Maloszewski, 2001), and regional characteristics of the estimated residence times are shown in the presentation.

Maiss M. and C. A. M. Brenninkmeijer, 1998, Atmospheric SF6: Trends, sources, and prospects, Environmental Science and Technology, 32, 3077-3086.
Muto Y., K. Kashiwaya, T. Kubo, K. Koike, S. Yabusaki, N. Shibasaki, R. Ikawa, A. Marui, 2013, Groundwater systems in Hirono region indicated from geochemical characteristics of groundwater, Abstracts of Japanese Association of Groundwater Hydrology 2013 fall meeting, 204-209.
Zuber A. and P. Maloszewski, 2001, Lumped parameter models, in: Mook, W.G. (Ed.), Environmental Isotopes in the Hydrological Cycle, Vol. VI. UNESCO, Paris, 5-35.