3:00 PM - 3:15 PM
[PPS21-17] Gravitational instability by suppression of magnetic turbulence by electric-field heating
Keywords:protoplanetary disk, MHD, magnetorotaional instability, gravitational instability, accretion disk
The purpose in this study is to investigate where the gas is accumulated in the disk considering electric-field heating.
In a vigorous turbulent region, the turbulence transports angular momentum of gas and the gas falls into the central star. On the other hand, in a weak turbulent region, accretion gas from outer disk is accumulated because of inefficiency of angular momentum transport. Therefore, the broad suppression of MRI turbulence will change the global disk structure of surface denaity(Mori & Okuzumi, in prep.). The fallen gas is accumulated in the inner region where MRI does not grow (dead zone; Gammie 1996), and the possibility is pointed out that gravitational instability occurs in the region. Considering the electric field heating of our study, the gas will be accumulated in broader region.
We calculated the relation between surface density and mass accretion rate at each place in disks. As our disk model, we set the disk containing 0.1 um-sized dust grain with dust-to-gas mass ratio of 0.01, and the gas pressure to the magnetic pressure on the mid-plane to be 104. As a result, with the mass accretion rate of 10-7M⦿ /yr, the surface density realizing the steady accretion does not exist within 70 AU from the central star. Comparing previous picture of dead zone that does not exist steady solution within 15 AU, we suggest that gas will be accumulated in considerably broad region. In such a region, the continuous gas accumulation increases surface density, and eventually the gravitational instability would occurs.