Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information


Symbol M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-AG Applied Geosciences

[M-AG38] Dynamics of radionuclides emitted from Fukuchima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant in the environment

Tue. May 26, 2015 11:00 AM - 12:45 PM 301B (3F)

Convener:*Kazuyuki Kita(Faculty of Science, Ibaraki University), Yuichi Onda(Center for Research on Isotopes and Environmental Dynamics, University of Tsukuba), Teruyuki Nakajima(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute), Yasuhito Igarashi(Atmospheric Environment and Applied Meteorology Research Department, Meteorological Research Institute), Masatoshi Yamada(Institute of Radiation Emergency Medicine, Hirosaki University), Chisato Takenaka(Graduate school of bioagricultural sciences, Nagoya University), masayoshi yamamoto(Low Level Radioactivity Laboratory, Kanazawa University), Atsushi Shinohara(Graduate school of science, Osaka University), Chair:Hiroaki Kato(Center for Research in Isotopes and Environmental Dynamics, University of Tsukuba)

11:45 AM - 12:00 PM

[MAG38-11] Transport of radiocesium in the Niida River, Fukuhsima Prefecture in 2011-2014

*Seiya NAGAO1, Shu TADO1, Teruaki UEMURA1, Masaki KANAMORI1, Akira KIRISHIMA2, Yoshiki MIYATA1, Shinya OCHIAI1, Masayoshi YAMAMOTO1 (1.Kanazawa University, 2.Tohoku University)

Keywords:Cs-134, Cs-137, rain event, riverine suspended solids

Surface deposition of 134Cs and 137Cs reveals considerable external radioactivity above 3000k Bq/m2 in a zone extending northwest from the NPP after the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) accident. Therefore, it is important to elucidate the short-term to long-term impacts of the accident on ecosystems of river watershed environments. This study investigated the transport of 134Cs and 137Cs in a small river, Niida River running through IIdate Viledge, in Fukushima Prefecture, Japan at normal and high flow conditions during 2011-2014.
Field experiments were conducted at a fixed station (Kinouchi bridge) in the lower Niida River during the period of May 2011-December 2014. The 20 L of surface river water samples were collected at the station using buckets. The radioactivity of 134Cs and 137Cs in the river waters before and after the filtration was measured with gamma-ray spectrometry using ammonium molybdophosphate (AMP)/Cs compound method.
Total radioactivity of 137Cs (dissolved and particulate phases) in the river waters ranged from 0.11 to 4.18 Bq/L during May 2011-December 2014. Highest value was found in May 2011. Total 137Cs radioactivity indicates the decreasing trend with increasing time at normal flow condition. However the higher radioactivity was observed after rain events. The 137Cs radioactivity increased by 1.83 Bq/L after the heavy rain event by Typhoon Guchol in June 2012, and 1.68 Bq/L by Typhoon Jelawat in October 2012.
Percentage of 137Cs associated with riverine suspended solids was 47-48% at normal flow condition in July and September 2011, but after December 2011 ranged from 75 to 93% at normal flow condition and 86-91% at high flow condition due to rain events. The radioactivity of particulate phase of 137Cs ranged from 20 to 42 Bq/g-riverine suspended solids. Rain events are mainly contributed to the transport of radiocesium in the Niida River.