Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information

International Session (Poster)

Symbol S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-IT Science of the Earth's Interior & Techtonophysics

[S-IT06] Early Earth - from accumulation to formation -

Mon. May 25, 2015 6:15 PM - 7:30 PM Convention Hall (2F)

Convener:*Tatsuya Sakamaki(Department of Earth Science, Tohoku University), Akio Suzuki(Department of Earth and Planetary Materials Science, Faculty of Science, Tohoku University), Seiji Kamada(Graduate school of Science, Tohoku University), Bjorn Mysen(Geophysical Laboratory, Carnegie Inst. Washington)

6:15 PM - 7:30 PM

[SIT06-P06] Sound velocity measurements of solid iron under high pressure and high temperature using an ultrasonic method

*Yuki SHIBAZAKI1, Keisuke NISHIDA2, Yuji HIGO3, Mako IGARASHI4, Masaki TAHARA4, Tatsuya SAKAMAKI4, Hidenori TERASAKI5, Yuta SHIMOYAMA5, Souma KUWABARA5, Yusaku TAKUBO5, Eiji OHTANI4 (1.Frontier Research Institute for Interdisciplinary Sciences, Tohoku University, 2.Department of Earth and Planetary Science, The University of Tokyo, 3.Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute, 4.Department of Earth and Planetary Material Sciences, Tohoku University, 5.Department of Earth and Space Science, Osaka University)

The Earth's interior has been directly investigated by seismic wave propagation and normal mode oscillation. Based on those observations, the distributions of density and sound velocity of the Earth's interior have been estimated (e.g. PREM). The core, which is located at the center of the Earth, is believed to consist of metallic iron with a certain amount of light elements, such as hydrogen, carbon, oxygen, silicon, and sulfur. A large number of experiments on the compressibility of iron and iron-light element alloys have been carried out in order to constrain the abundances of the light elements in the core. In the past fifteen years, the sound velocities of the iron and iron alloys have also been measured intensively at high pressure. Although the sound velocity consists of longitudinal (VP) and transverse (VS) components, most discussions about the core composition have been based on the only VP data because of the technical issues of the high-pressure experiments. In order to estimate the abundances of the light elements more correctly, the precise measurement of VS as well as VP is necessary. In this study, we measured the VP, VS, and density of solid iron under high-pressure and high-temperature conditions using an ultrasonic method, and X-ray radiography and diffraction techniques.

Simultaneous ultrasonic measurements, and X-ray radiography and diffraction experiments were carried out at BL04B1 beamline, SPring-8 in Japan. High-pressure and high-temperature were generated using a 1500-ton Kawai type multi-anvil apparatus installed at BL04B1 beamline. The experimental conditions were up to 7 GPa and 800 K (stability field of bcc-Fe). The Fe powder or rod was used as the sample. Ultrasonic VP and VS measurements were performed using the pulse reflection method. P- and S-wave signals with a frequency of 57 MHz and 30 MHz, respectively, were generated and received by a 10 degree Y-cut LiNbO3 transducer. The sample was first compressed to the target pressure and heated up to the maximum temperature in each press load in order to reduce the deviatoric stress. Then, we got the ultrasonic data, X-ray radiography image, and X-ray diffractions from the sample and the pressure marker (MgO + hBN) at each about 150-200 K temperature step on decreasing temperature.

Our high-pressure VP and VS data are good agreement with the previous ambient-pressure results measured using the same ultrasonic method [Dever, 1972]. In contrast, our VP data are slightly smaller than the results obtained by high-energy resolution inelastic X-ray scattering (HERIX) technique [Liu et al., 2014]. The values of both VP and VS at high temperature are lower than the linear relationship of a velocity-density, i.e., Birch's law, at room temperature, which is the same trend as the previous HERIX result [Liu et al., 2014].