Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information


Symbol U (Union) » Union

[U-06] Evolution of New Seamless Science: From Space, Sun to the Earth Surface

Sun. May 24, 2015 4:15 PM - 6:00 PM 105 (1F)

Convener:*Yutaka Matsumi(Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory, Nagoya University), Kanya Kusano(Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory, Nagoya University), Joji Ishizaka(Hydrospheric Atmospheric Research Center, Nagoya University), Kazuhisa Tsuboki(Hydrospheric Atmospheric Research Center, Nagoya University), Masaki Enami(Center for Chronological Research, Nagoya University), Chair:Shinobu Machida(Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory, Nagoya University)

4:15 PM - 4:35 PM

[U06-17] Interdisciplinary study of space plasma waves in solar terrestrial environments

*Yoshiharu OMURA1 (1.Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere)

Keywords:plasma waves, magnetosphere, radiation belts, relativistic electrons, middle atmosphere, nonlinear process

Waves in space plasmas play important roles in dynamics variation of the Earth's radiation belts. Whistler-mode chorus emissions excited by several tens of keV electrons can acceleration a small fraction of the energetic electrons to MeV energy range, contributing to formation of radiation belts. Electromagnetic ion cyclotron (EMIC) rising-tone emissions, on the other hand, can scatter relativistic electrons effectively, and induce precipitation into the polar atmosphere. The precipitated MeV electrons can penetrate deep into the middle atmosphere, and they may affect the atmospheric chemistry. Thus these nonlinear plasma wave emissions in the magnetosphere connect the variation of solar activity and that of the atmospheric compositions. The variations in the past could also be detected in ice core samples. The ERG satellite for observation of wave-particle interactions in geospace is being developed under close collaboration of the STE laboratory and other research institutes and universities. Through the reorganization of the related research institute at Nagoya University, we expect promotion of the interdisciplinary studies related to the radiation belts and relativistic electron precipitation into the atmosphere.