Tue. May 24, 2016 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM
Convener:*Kyuichi Kanagawa(Graduate School of Science, Chiba University), Demian Saffer(Department of Geosciences, The Pennsylvania State University, USA), Michael Strasser(University of Innsbruck), James Kirkpatrick(McGill University), Shuichi Kodaira(R&D Center for Earthquake and Tsunami Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Ryota Hino(Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University), Yasuhiro Yamada(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC), R&D Center for Ocean Drilling Science (ODS)), Kohtaro Ujiie(Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba), Yoshihiro Ito(Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University), Chair:Saffer Demian M(Pennsylvania State University), Kyuichi Kanagawa(Graduate School of Science, Chiba University)
Subduction zone megathrust earthquakes and their accompanying tsunamis, such as the Tohoku-oki earthquake on March 11 in 2011, have caused severe damage in the past. Scientists have worked for decades to understand these devastating events, mostly based on seismic, tsunami and geodetic observations. In addition to these remote monitoring studies, the challenge of drilling into and directly sampling megathrust faults at seismogenic depth, analysis of drill core and downhole logs, experiments on sampled fault materials, and borehole measurements at depth has recently been taken up or being planned by the Integrated Ocean Drilling or International Ocean Discovery Program at Nankai Trough (Nankai Trough Seismogenic Zone Experiment), Japan Trench (Japan Trench Fast Drilling Project and Tracking Tsunamigenic Slips in the Japan Trench), offshore Costa Rica (Costa Rica Seismogenesis Project), Sunda Trench (Sumatra Seismogenic Zone Expedition), and at the Hikurangi margin (Unlocking the Secrets of Slow Slip). In this session, we welcome presentations based on such frontier studies, in addition to those based on seismic, tsunami and geodetic observations, numerical modeling, and analyses of fault rocks exhumed from seismogenic depth.