Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information

International Session (Oral)

Symbol A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-AS Atmospheric Sciences, Meteorology & Atmospheric Environment

[A-AS01] Global Carbon Cycle Observation and Analysis

Tue. May 24, 2016 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM A03 (APA HOTEL&RESORT TOKYO BAY MAKUHARI)

Convener:*Nobuko Saigusa(National Institute for Environmental Studies), Prabir Patra(Research Institute for Global Change, JAMSTEC), Toshinobu Machida(National Institute for Environmental Studies), Satoru Chatani(National Institute for Environmental Studies), Chair:Toshinobu Machida(National Institute for Environmental Studies)

2:45 PM - 3:00 PM

[AAS01-05] Toward assimilation of CONTRAIL data to estimate surface CO2 fluxes

*Yosuke Niwa1, Yousuke Sawa1, Toshinobu Machida2, Hidekazu Matsueda1, Taku Umezawa2, Nobuko Saigusa2 (1.Meteorological Research Institute, 2.National Institute for Environmental Studies)

Keywords:carbon cycle, data assimilation, aircraft observation

Inverse modeling is a powerful method to elucidate carbon dioxide (CO2) fluxes at the earth surface. Using the Bayesian algorithm, an inverse model quantitatively estimates spatiotemporal variations of surface fluxes from observations of atmospheric concentrations with help of a priori information. In this study, we have developed a new inversion system based on a state-of-the-art assimilation technique of the four-dimensional variational (4D-Var) method. Differently from a conventional method, the 4D-Var method has no limitation in the number of observations and it has an ability to estimate model grid resolution fluxes, so that regionally limited CO2 flux anomalies such as biomass burnings are detectable. Since 2005, the aircraft measurement program named CONTRAIL has observed atmospheric CO2 concentrations worldwide. Using the developed 4D-Var system, it is expected that such numerous aircraft data could strongly constrain the surface flux estimation especially for Asian regions. In this study, we discuss appropriate data processing or assimilation technique which is required before using the aircraft data in the flux estimation. Furthermore, we present conceivable impacts and valuable information provided by CONTRAIL for estimating Asian carbon budgets.