Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information

International Session (Poster)

Symbol A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-AS Atmospheric Sciences, Meteorology & Atmospheric Environment

[A-AS01] Global Carbon Cycle Observation and Analysis

Tue. May 24, 2016 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL6)

Convener:*Nobuko Saigusa(National Institute for Environmental Studies), Prabir Patra(Research Institute for Global Change, JAMSTEC), Toshinobu Machida(National Institute for Environmental Studies), Satoru Chatani(National Institute for Environmental Studies)

5:15 PM - 6:30 PM

[AAS01-P09] Global carbon budget estimation based on atmospheric oxygen and carbon dioxide observation during recent 15-year period

*Yasunori Tohjima1, Mukai Hitoshi1, Toshinobu Machida1, Shin-ichiro Nakaoka1 (1.National Institute for Environmental Studies)

Keywords:global carbon budget, oxygen, carbon dioxide

Time series of atmospheric O2/N2 ratio and CO2 mixing ratio of flask samples taken from NIES’s flask sampling network are presented. The network includes ground sites, Hateruma Island (lat 24°03'N, long 123°48'E) and Cape Ochi-ishi (lat 43°10'N, long 145°30'E), and cargo ships regularly sailing in the Pacific region. The air samples collected in Pyrex glass flasks were sent back to our laboratory and the O2/N2 ratio and CO2 mixing ratio were analyzed by using a GC/TCD and NDIR analyzers. Taking into account the global mass balances of atmospheric CO2 and O2, we estimate the global carbon sequestration rates of the ocean and land biosphere for the recent 15-year period. In this carbon budget calculation, we use the secular changes in the atmospheric O2 and CO2 burdens based on our flask observations and the fossil fuel-derived CO2 emissions based on energy statistics. We also adopt the ocean O2 outgassing fluxes (~0.5 PgC/yr), which is estimated from secular changes in the ocean heat content (0-2000m) and an estimated O2-to-heat flux ratio. For example, the oceanic and land biotic carbon sequestration rates for the 15-year period (1999-2014) calculated from the observation at Hateruma Island are 2.4±0.7 Pg-C yr-1 and 1.5±0.8 Pg-C yr-1, respectively. In the presentation, we also examine the temporal changes in the global carbon budgets and compare our estimations with the other reported carbon budget estimations.