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[AAS01-P15] Spatial and temporal seasonal variation of CO2 efflux from the soil surface in the boreal forests in Central Siberia
Keywords:soil carbon efflux, boreal forest, Siberian forest, soil respiration, soil temperature, soil moisture
The objectives of the present study are: (a) to study the dynamic changes in soil CO2 efflux from the soil surface during frost-free season; (b) to identify the impact of meteorological variables (factors) on soil CO2 efflux. The research was conducted in the boreal forests in Central Siberia (60°N, 90°E), Russia. Sample plots were represented by the lichen pine forest, moss pine forest, mixed forest and a plot with mineral sandy soil without a plant cover. We used the automated soil CO2 flux system based on the infrared gas analyzer – LI-8100 (Li-cor Biogeosciences Inc., USA) for measuring the soil efflux. Soil temperature was measured next to each collar at the time of the CO2 efflux measurement with Soil Temperature Probe Type E (Omega, USA) in three depths – 5, 10, 15 cm. Volumetric soil moisture was measured with Theta Probe Model ML2 (Delta T Devices Ltd., UK).
The presence and type of ground cover substantially affects the value of soil respiration fluxes. In 2015, the flow of carbon dioxide from the soil surface averaged 5.4 ± 2.3 μmol CO2 m-2 s-1. The lowest soil respiration for forest areas was observed in the moss pine forest (1.14 μmol CO2 m-2 s-1). The lichen pine forest had the intermediate values (mean and SD) of soil respiration. A sandy soil plot without a plant cover demonstrated the lowest soil respiration (0.12 μmol CO2 m-2 s-1). The maximum soil respiration values and seasonal fluctuations were obtained in the mixed forest (29.62 μmol CO2 m-2 s-1).
The correlation analysis of dependence between soil temperature, soil moisture and soil CO2 efflux showed that an increase of temperature and soil moisture at the beginning of the growing season (June) leads to inhibition of soil respiration processes. At the end of the growing season (September), we recorded a reduction in the impact of two climate factors (soil temperature and moisture) on soil respiration intensity. Nevertheless, the soil temperature appears to be the major driver controlling the soil CO2 efflux during the frost-free season in analyzed Siberian boreal forests.
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