Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information

International Session (Oral)

Symbol A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-AS Atmospheric Sciences, Meteorology & Atmospheric Environment

[A-AS02] High performance computing of next generation weather, climate, and environmental sciences using K

Sun. May 22, 2016 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM 302 (3F)

Convener:*Masaki Satoh(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Masahide Kimoto(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Kazuo Saito(Forecast Research Department, Meteorological Research Institute), Hiromu Seko(Meteorological Research Institute), Takemasa Miyoshi(RIKEN Advanced Institute for Computational Science), Tetsuro Tamura(Tokyo Institute of Technology), Hiroshi Niino(Dynamic Marine Meteorology Group, Department of Physical Oceanography, Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute,The University of Tokyo), Masayuki Takigawa(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Hirofumi Tomita(AICS, RIKEN), Chihiro Kodama(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Chair:Chihiro Kodama(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology)

3:00 PM - 3:15 PM

[AAS02-06] High Cloud Responses to Global Warming Simulated by Two Different Cloud Microphysics Schemes Implemented in the Nonhydrostatic Icosahedral Atmospheric Model (NICAM)

*Ying-Wen Chen1, TATSUYA SEIKI1, Chihiro Kodama1, Masaki Satoh1,2, Akira Noda1, Yohei Yamada1,2 (1.Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, 2.Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo)

Keywords:Cloud Feedback

This study examines cloud responses to global warming using a global nonhydrostatic model with two different cloud microphysics schemes. The cloud microphysics schemes tested here are the single- and double-moment schemes with six water categories: these schemes are referred to as NSW6 and NDW6, respectively. Simulations of one year for NSW6 and one boreal summer for NDW6 are performed using the nonhydrostatic icosahedral atmospheric model with a mesh size of approximately 14 km. NSW6 and NDW6 exhibit similar changes in the visible cloud fraction under conditions of global warming. The longwave (LW) cloud radiative feedbacks in NSW6 and NDW6 are larger than the average LW cloud radiative feedbacks in the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5 (CMIP5)/Cloud Feedback Model Intercomparison Project 2 (CFMIP2). The LW cloud radiative feedbacks are mainly attributed to cirrus clouds, which prevail more in the tropics under global warming conditions. For NDW6, the LW cloud radiative feedbacks from cirrus clouds also extend to mid-latitudes. The changes in cirrus clouds and their effects on LW cloud radiative forcing (LWCRF) are assessed based on changes in the effective radii of ice hydrometeors (Rei) and the cloud fraction. We determined that an increase in Rei has a non-negligible impact on LWCRF compared with an increase in cloud fraction.