Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-AS Atmospheric Sciences, Meteorology & Atmospheric Environment

[A-AS11] Stratosphere-troposphere Processes And their Role in Climate

Mon. May 23, 2016 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM A01 (APA HOTEL&RESORT TOKYO BAY MAKUHARI)

Convener:*Yousuke Yamashita(National Institute for Environmental Studies), Hideharu Akiyoshi(National Institute for Environmental Studies), Kaoru Sato(Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo), Yoshihiro Tomikawa(National Institute of Polar Research), Chair:Yoshihiro Tomikawa(National Institute of Polar Research)

11:00 AM - 11:15 AM

[AAS11-02] Characteristic of Vertical Winds Fluctuations in the Lower Troposphere at Syowa Station in the Antarctic Revealed by the PANSY Radar

*Yuichi Minamihara1, Kaoru Sato1, Masaki Tsutsumi2, Masashi Kohma1 (1.Department of Earth and Planetary Science Graduate School of Science The University of Tokyo, 2.National Institute of Polar Research and The Graduate University for Advanced Studies)

Keywords:MST Radar, Polar Atmosphere

Using wind data over three years from July 2012-June 2015 from the PANSY radar, an MST radar, newly installed at Syowa Station (39.59°E, 69.0°S), statistical characteristics of vertical winds and vertical momentum fluxes in the Antarctic lower troposphere are examined. Frequency spectra covering a wide frequency range from (30 d) -1 to (8 min)-1 are divided into three frequency regions obeying power laws with different scaling exponents. The transition frequencies are different between horizontal and vertical wind spectra. Vertical fluxes of horizontal momentum and variances of vertical wind were estimated for two wave period ranges of 1 d-2 h and 2 h-8 min having almost equal logarithmic scales. The momentum fluxes are larger for longer period components, and the variances of vertical wind disturbances are larger for shorter period component than longer period component. There are a few evidences showing that the vertical wind disturbances in the lower troposphere are due to gravity waves forced by topography aligned the north-south direction. First, the strong disturbances are observed when horizontal winds are strong near the surface. Second, zonal winds tend to almost zero around the top of the disturbances. Third, frequency spectra are large at a wide range of frequency below a critical level, as is consistent with the phase modulation of mountain waves by unsteady mean flow.